A small fluid-filled sac that is formed from the lining of a joint or tendon is called ganglion. Thick jelly fluid is filled in the ganglion.

ganglion cyst

A ganglion is also called bible cyst. Ganglion cysts are commonly seen in women. One large cyst or many smaller ones may develop.

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They develop commonly along the tendons or joints of the hands or wrist; they may also appear in feet.

Commonly seen in?

They are commonly seen in young adults and are rare in children. Women are at 3 times more risk than men.

Causes of Ganglion

An exact cause is unknown, following are the factors that are associated with its formation:
• Injury to the joints or tendons.
• Certain occupations that require overuse of certain joints such as the wrist and fingers, for instance, typewriting, also pose a risk for ganglion formation.
• Certain diseases such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.

What Are Signs and Symptoms Of Ganglion?

• It appears as a bump
• The swelling may appear suddenly, may get smaller in size, and may even go away, and recurs.
• It is usually soft, 1-3 cm in diameter
• The pain is worse by movement of joint.
• When the cyst is connected to a tendon, there is a sense of weakness in the affected finger.
• Most ganglions are painful while others may not show any signs and symptoms.

Physical Examination To Diagnose Ganglion

The doctor may perform a physical exam by applying pressure to the cyst to test for tenderness or discomfort. Other tests to confirm the diagnosis include:
• X-ray
• Ultrasound

Require Any Treatment?

Often, ganglion cysts are harmless and painless, requiring no treatment. They may disappear spontaneously.
However, in case the ganglion cyst is causing pain or is interfering with joint movement, the doctor may adopt one of several treatment options.

• Immobilization.
Activity often causes the ganglion to increase in size. A wrist brace or splint may relieve symptoms, letting the ganglion shrink in size. As pain decreases, the doctor may prescribe exercises to strengthen the wrist and improve range of motion.

• Aspiration.
If the ganglion causes a great deal of pain, the fluid may be drained from it. This procedure is called “aspiration.” The area around the ganglion cyst is numbed and the cyst is punctured with a needle in order to drain the fluid.

• Surgical removal.

Complications of Ganglion

• Nerve injury
• Decreases motion
• Scar
• Infection
• Instability

Homeopathic Remedies For Ganglion

• Drawing pains in the arms and hand at night.
• Convulsive movements and shocks in the arms.
• Paralytic feeling in the right hand.
• A tension of the posterior joints of the fingers while bending them.
• Contraction and induration of the tendons of the fingers.

• Rheumatic tearing in shoulders, arms, and hand at night.
• Clammy perspiration in palms and on the head.
• Numbness of arms and hands.
• Lassitude and trembling in arms and hand, and especially when holding anything.
• Congestion of blood in hands, with swelling and redness of veins while hanging arms.

• A sensation of sprain and stiffness in the wrist.
• Bones of wrist and back of hand painful as if bruised when at rest and when moving.
• Numbness and tingling in hands after exertion.

• Numb feelings of a finger, as though it were enlarged and the bone is swollen.
• Pain as from a splinter in flexor surface of one finger.
• Tearing in arms, hands, and fingers.
• Heaviness and paralytic weakness of arms, which tremble on least exertion.
• Pain in wrist becomes worst at night.

Benzoic acid
• Well indicated medicine for ganglion present on the wrist.
• There is pain and swelling in knees.
• Well indicated medicine for gouty deposits.
• Rheumatic gout, nodes are very painful.
• There is cracking in joints on a motion.

Calcarea flourica 
• There are ganglia or encysted tumors at the back of the wrist.
• There are gouty enlargements in the joints of the fingers.
• Exostoses on fingers.
• Patient complaints of chronic synovitis of a knee joint.

Rhus toxicodendron 
• Pain along the ulnar nerve.
• There is soreness’ of the condyles in bones.
• There is tenderness in the knee joint.
• There is the loss of power in forearm and fingers.
• There is also present crawling in the tips of fingers.
• Tingling in the feet.

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