Zika? Zika Virus? What is it? How does it spread? Is there a cure? The Signs and Symptoms! How is it different from typhoid or dengue or malaria? How can homeopathy help? All of this answered in this post. But, if you are suffering from it, or seeing some signs and symptoms, just fill in your details in the form down below and we will answer all your questions for FREE!
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne viral disease which causes a condition associated with fever. It is very similar to dengue fever.
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It is caused by an arbovirus of the flavivirus family, which causes disease like dengue, West Nile, fever, and Japanese encephalitis.
This virus was first isolated from a rhesus monkey in Uganda in 1947.
The virus is common in the west and central Africa but also occurs in Pakistan, India, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia.
A pregnant mother can pass it to her baby during pregnancy or around the time of birth. It can spread through sexual contact. There have also been reports that the virus has spread through blood transfusions.
It causes illness in about one in five people, but particularly dangerous for pregnant women, it can cause a condition called microcephaly, which means that children are born with an abnormally small head.
Age and Incidence of Zika Virus
Zika virus mainly affects the 20-29 years of age group and females are more affected than males.
Transmission of Zika Virus
Zika virus transmitted through mosquito bites (Aedes mosquito). It usually bites during the day, peaking during early morning and late afternoon and evening. This is the same mosquitoes that transmit dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.
Sexual transmission of Zika virus is also possible.
From a pregnant woman to her fetus.
Other modes of transmission such as blood transfusion.
Incubation Period of Zika Virus
The incubation period of Zika Virus is 3 to 12 days.
Causes of Zika Virus
Zika virus is caused by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquito bite.
Poor unhygienic condition.
Signs and Symptoms of Zika Virus
The symptoms of the disease occur after 4-7 days of a mosquito bite.
This may cause:
Rash (specifically maculopapular in variety)
Fever(low grade, generally up to 100° F)
-Mainly joints of the hands and feet.
-Difficulty in standing and sitting.
-Redness of eyes.
-Watering of eyes.
Have an adverse effect on a pregnant woman or their babies that is microcephaly.
Microcephaly is characterized by infants who have a smaller head. They have the low intellectual ability. These children don’t have well-developed brains. Due to these children suffering from difficulty in hearing and vision.
Diagnosis of Zika Virus
The diagnosis of Zika virus is based on a person’s recent travel history, symptoms, and test results.
Blood or Urine test can confirm a Zika infection.
Symptoms of Zika virus are similar to other illnesses that spread through mosquito bites which are malaria, dengue and chikungunya.
Differential Diagnosis of Zika Virus
Abrupt onset of high-grade fever(102° F).
Fever, joint pain, muscle pain, eye infection and skin rashes.
Pain in joints of hands and feet. Swelling is present and the pain is high in the morning.
Rashes on the skin, mainly on the trunk, limbs, and face.
Chikungunya may remain for a long time and convert to chronic (condition joint pain).
Low-grade fever (less than 100° F).
Skin maculopapular rash firstly on the face.
In severe cases
Bleeding (nose and gum, easy bruises).
Sudden onset of high fever(more than 102° F).
Muscle pain on the back, arms, and legs.
Sometimes joint pain on knees and shoulders.
Rashes usually limited to face and limbs.
It is life-threatening condition due to low platelet count due to petechial hemorrhage.
Allopathic treatment of Zika Virus
There is no vaccine to prevent Zika virus.
Complications of Zika Virus
Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of Congenital Brain Abnormalities.
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