Candidiasis is a fungal infection that can affect areas like skin, throat, genitals, mouth and blood. It is caused by the overgrowth of a type of yeast called “Candida” usually known as “Candida albicans”.
The yeast is normally found in small amount in the human body, but some medications or health issues can cause promote growth of the yeast to grow causing uncomfortable and sometimes dangerous symptoms.
Age/sex prevalance of Yeast Infection/ Candidiasis/ Thrush
Male and female anyone can be affected by yeast infection.individuals of extreme ages are more prone to suffer from yeast infection. Mucocutaneous candidiasis is more prevalent in neonates and older adults.
Individuals of any race can be affected by yeast infection.
• Thrush/ Oral Candidiasis/oropharyngeal Candidiasis: When it is in mouth.
• Yeast infection/ Vulvovaginal yeast infection: It affects the genital area.
• Diaper rash: When yeast infects the skin on baby’s bottom area.
• Invasive Candidiasis/ candidemia: when infection enters bloodstream.
• Weakened immune system.
• Nutritional deficiency.
• Continuous moisture of the genital area due to excessive sweating.
• Poor hygiene level.
• Diet rich in sugar or yeast.
• Certain clothing.
• Hormonal changes that come with pregnancy or before periods.
• Taking hormones or birth control pills.
• Taking antibiotics or steroids.
• High blood sugar, diabetes.
• Blood or semen infection.
• Mismanaged diabetes.
• From affected partner.
• Certain type of clothing such as nylon, polyester etc.
• Irritants such as soap, powders, detergents and other skin products.
• Discharge that is usually white, similar to cottage cheese, which smells like bread or yeast.
• Other Greenish or yellowish discharges.
• Copious amount of discharge.
• Redness, itching or irritation of the vaginal lips.
• Burning during urination or intercourse.
• Vaginal pain and soreness.
• Memory loss, mood swings and depression.
• Vision problem.
• Fungus on the finger or toe nails.
• Constant fatigue.
• Bad oral breath with canker sores.
• Skin rashes anywhere on the body.
• Diarrhea and constipation.
• Abdominal pain with bloating and indigestion.
• Impotence, prostrate swelling in males.
• Complete case history.
• Physical examination.
• Blood test
• Urine test.
• Vaginal examination.
• Discharge culture.
• Antifungal creams.
• Short-course vaginal therapy.
• Long-course vaginal therapy.
Prognosis is good when patient is treated but it can reoccur so timely treatment and checkup is required.
• Wear loose breathable cotton clothing.
• Get enough sleep.
• Lose weight if obese.
• Quit smoking.
• Practice stress management and relaxing techniques.
• Keep genital area cool and dry.
• Limit sugar intake, as sugar promotes the growth of yeast.
• Take yeast free diet.
• Get plenty of rest to make it easier for your body to fight infection.
• Include yogurt with lactobacillus acidophilus in your diet.
• Always wipe from front to back when using restroom.
• Shower immediately after swimming.
• Change workout or damp cloths as soon as possible.
• Don’t douche; don’t use feminine hygiene sprays, sanitary pads or tampons.
• Avoid bubble bath, colored or perfumed toilet papers.
• Avoid feminine deodorant sprays and douches.
• Stay out of hot tubs or very hot baths.
• Yeast infection of the vagina with discharge.
• Discharge resembling egg white and feeling that warm water is flowing out.
• Itching with intense pain.
• Pruritus vulva and eczema.
• Burning and itching feeling both before and after menstrual periods.
• Discharge from vaginitis is milk and acrid or thick and yellow.
• Person is chilly and stout has craving for sweets.
• Easily tired by exertion.
• Viginitis where discharge is yellow and tenacious.
• Itching and burning of vulva.
• Worse in morning.
• Better from resting and keeping warm.
• Vaginitis with watery, thin, unpleasant.
• Discharge smelling, very irritating discharge causing swelling and itching of vulva.
• Worse in morning when standing up.
• Infection likely to appear before the menstrual periods or during pregnancy.
• Yeast infection causing vaginal discharge.
• Discharge yellow and itchy, white and curd like.
• Feeling of worn down and irritable, with cold extremities.
• Weak or sagging feeling in the pelvic region.
• Discharge profuse in the morning and increased by walking.
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