Urinary Bladder Stone


Bladder stones are small masses of minerals that formed in bladder. Bladder stones develop when urine in the bladder becomes concentrated, causing minerals in urine to crystallize.

The Urinary bladder is an organ that stores urine made by the kidneys until it is eliminated from the body through the urethra.

The kidneys filter waste products out of blood. The waste products are mixed with water to create urine. The urine is passed out of kidneys and into bladder through two tubes known as the ureters.

When bladder is full, the urine passes out of a tube called the urethra while urinating.

Bladder stones are small stones that form inside the bladder which can irritate the wall of the bladder and disrupt the flow of urine out of the bladder.

Bladder stones are formed in the bladder when the bladder is not emptying properly and urine remains for unusually long periods of time in the bladder called urine stasis.

Mainly bladder calculi are composed of calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, or magnesium ammonium phosphate.

In children, stones are composed mainly of calcium oxalate, or an impure mixture of ammonium acid urate and calcium oxalate with calcium phosphate

Age / Sex groups affected by Urinary Bladder Stone

Bladder stones tend to occur in people age 30 and older, although younger people may also develop stones. Bladder stones are common in children and men.

Races affected by Urinary Bladder Stone

Individuals of any race can be affected by urinary bladder stone.

Causes of Urinary Bladder Stone

The exact causes of the formation of bladder stones are not completely understood, but is mainly due to Urinary tract infection any obstruction of the tract

The most common cause of bladder stones is the inability to empty bladder completely of urine.
• An enlarged prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), can be a cause of bladder stones in men.
• Damaged nerves -Nerves carry messages from brain to bladder muscles, directing the bladder muscles to tighten or release. If these nerves are damaged — from a stroke, spinal cord injury or other health problem —bladder may not empty completely.
• Weakened bladder wall
• Bladder Inflammation.
• Kidney stones
• Cystocele is a condition affecting women and develops when the wall of the bladder becomes weakened and begins to drop down on to the vagina which affects  the normal flow of urine out of the bladder.
• Poor diet

Signs and Symptoms of Urinary Bladder Stone

• Bladder inflammation
• Pain while urinating
• Blood in urine
• Urinary blockage
• Lower Abdominal pain , pressure
• Difficulty in urinating
• Urinary tract  infection –fever , pain in urination
• Loss of control of urine
• In men, pain or discomfort in the penis
• Cloudy or dark colored urine

Investigations of Urinary Bladder Stone

• Physical exam, including a rectal examination.
• Bladder /pelvic x-ray
• Urinalysis
• Urine culture
• In men, an examination of the prostate gland
• Complete blood count for infection

Complications of Urinary Bladder Stone

• Chronic bladder dysfunction.
• Urinary tract infections.

Treatment of Urinary Bladder Stone

• Drinking plenty of fluids.
• Medications to prevent the formation of bladder stones.
• Surgical removal
• Cytoscopy
• Lithotripsy

Diet / management of Urinary Bladder Stone

• Kegel exercises, which are used to strengthen the muscles involved in urination
• Herbs such as -parsley, used to increase urine flow and flush out sediment from the bladder
• Cranberry juice controls urinary tract infection
• Lemon juice helps to flush out the urinary system.
• Eating well balanced diet , diet low in fat and high fibre
• Diet rich in fruits and vegetables
• Avoiding food and drink- sweets , chocolates , fizzy drinks , biscuits
• Limiting the consumption of salt and sugar
• Drinking plenty of fluids

Prognosis of Urinary Bladder Stone

Mostly bladder stones can be removed without permanent damage to the bladder. If the stones are left untreated, may cause repeated urinary tract infections.

Homeopathic treatment for Urinary Bladder Stone

Berberis vulgaris –
• Urine with thick mucus and bright red sediment
• Pain in bladder region
• Pain extending to thighs and loins
• Frequent micturation
• Burning pains

Benzoic acid –
• Offensive urine with excess of uric acid
• Dribbling of urine
• Urine brown, acrid and changeable colour

Cantharis  vesicatoria –
• Intolerable urging and tenesmus
• Nephritis with haematuria
• Constant desire to micturate

Lycopodium –
• Back pain before micturating
• Urine retention
• Heavy red sediment
• Child cries before micturating

Sarsaparilla officinalis –
• Urine scanty , flaky , sandy and bloody
• Renal colic
• Urine dribbles while sitting
• Child screams before and while passing urine

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