Gastritis is a condition in which inflammation of the inner lining of the stomach occurs.
It can be an acute condition that lasts for short time or it can be a chronic condition that lasts for months to years.
Sometimes the acute condition develops after excessive alcohol consumption or prolonged use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Sometimes it may develop after major surgery, traumatic injury or some severe infections.Who Are Affected ?
It occurs in all age groups. The incidence of H pylori infection increases with age.
• Infections caused by bacteria, virus, parasite or fungi.
• Excess of spicy foods
• Bile reflux
• Excess alcohol consumption
• Cigarette smoking
• Chronic vomiting
• Coffee and acidic beverages
• Drugs especially NSAIDs, aspirin, etc
• Systemic disease (Crohn’s disease)
• Auto-immune disorders such as pernicious anemia, sarcoidosis
• Loss of appetite
• The sensation of fullness after a few mouthfuls
• Dark tarry stools
• Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)
• Barium meal
• Complete blood count for anemia
• Stool test
• Tests for H.pylori
• H2 blockers
• Proton pump inhibitors
• Blood loss
• Risk of gastric cancer
• It is suited when in errors of diet, with irregular habits, close confinement, mental over-exertion, loss of sleep and debauchery.
• Constipated with ineffectual efforts to stool, with hemorrhoids.
• The tongue is coated white, and there is a dull frontal headache.
• The tongue is white or yellow.
• No appetite and no thirst, even if the mouth is dry and parched.
• There is a bitter taste in the mouth and the sides of the tongue feel scalded.
• The patient has an aversion to fats, milk, butter, meat, and hot foods, and is always aggravated by fat foods and by confinement in close warm rooms.
• Acute gastric catarrh, violent vomiting of everything ingested.
• Severe burning pains in stomach.
• The stomach is sensitive and sore.
• A patient is greatly prostrated.
• The stomach is weak, and digestion is easily disturbed.
• There is a thick, milky-white coating on the tongue.
• Avoid alcohol, tobacco, acidic beverages such as coffee, carbonated beverages and fruit juices with citric acid.
• Stop taking NSAIDs, such as aspirin and ibuprofen.
• Consume fiber-rich diet.
• Consume foods containing flavonoids, like apples, celery, cranberries (including cranberry juice), onions, garlic, and tea as they may stop the growth of H. pylori.
• Avoid fatty and spicy foods.
• Drink 6 – 8 glasses of filtered water daily.
• Exercise at least 30 minutes daily, 5 days a week.
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