Inflammation in the colon, that results in severe diarrhea with blood or mucus in the feces and mild or severe abdominal pain or stomach cramps with dehydration. If dysentery is not treated on time it can be life-threatening, especially if the lost fluids are not replaced fast enough in infected person.
Dysentery spreads through contaminated food and water. Once a person gets an infection, the organism lives in the intestines and is passed in the stool of the infected person. Animals also get infected and spread the disease to humans.What Are The Risk Factors ?
The bacteria Shigella and E.coli and the amoeba Entamoeba histolytica are the causative organisms of dysentery.
The Entamoeba histolytica normally reside in the colon, in certain conditions it attacks the colon wall and it can cause dysentery. People with weak immune systems are also more likely to develop amebic dysentery.
Dysentery is caused by consuming contaminated water or food. Swimming in contaminated water may also result in dysentery. Another reason is not maintaining proper hygiene, e.g. not washing hands after going to the toilet.
• Bloody diarrhea
• Abdominal bloating and pain
• Dry skin and mucous membranes
• Muscle cramps
• Muscle weakness
• Nausea with or without vomiting
• Decreased urine output
• Feeling very thirsty
• Fever and chills
• Weight loss
Life-threatening conditions arise if the symptoms progress:
• confusion, delirium, lethargy, hallucinations, and delusions
• Change in level of consciousness or alertness
• Rapid heart rate
• High fever
• Severe dizziness
• Severe abdominal pain
• Rehydration is done either orally or intravenously to replace lost fluids.
• Antibiotics and amoebicidal drugs.
• Prognosis depends on the immune status of individual and severity of complications.
• On starting treatment patient recovers within 2-3 weeks.
• Early treatment has a good prognosis.
• Dehydration in infants is life-threatening.
• If amoeba spreads to the liver it leads to liver abscesses.
• Drink plenty of water to overcome dehydration
• Milk should be avoided as it makes the symptoms worse
• In case of nausea, ice chips should be sucked until nausea subsides.
• Brat diet: banana, rice, applesauce, and toast.
• Drink hot water
• Ripe banana is good to eat
• Buttermilk with ginger, black pepper is good for digestion
• Avoid fatty food
• Extreme restlessness.
• Complains of burning thirst and yet exhibits an intolerance of water.
• Burning pains.
• The discharges from the bowels are brownish or blackish.
• Discharges are horribly offensive.
• Great weakness and Hippocratic face.
• The discharges from the bowels are brown, watery and slimy and are horribly offensive.
• The abdomen is greatly distended and tympanitic.
• There are burning pains situated deep in the abdomen.
• The pulse is weak and intermittent.
• Dysentery occurs in a season when warm days are followed by cold night.
• Discharges are dark and very offensive.
• Severe colicky pains in the abdomen, prolonged tenesmus and burning in the anus, which does not cease with the evacuation, but continues even after the stools.
• There may be much straining with or without the stool.
• The stools are bloody, slimy, watery and scanty.
• There is frequent ineffectual urging to stool.
• Griping colicky pains in the hypogastrium and tenesmus before the stool that cease after stool.
• The patient is worse in the morning
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