Cirrhosis of Liver

Cirrhosis of Liver
Cirrhosis is a complication of chronic liver damage caused by chronic liver disease. It is characterized by abnormal structure and function of liver.
The disease injures kills liver cells. Scarring of liver occurs as a result of inflammation and repair of dying liver cells. Healthy liver cells multiply in order to replace the dead cells. The newly formed liver cells results in clusters within the scar tissue.

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Cirrhosis of liver

Basics:
The liver is the largest gland in the body. It has three surfaces (superior, inferior and posterior) and two lobes (right and left).It is situated in the upper and right parts of the abdominal cavity, occupying almost the whole of the right hypochondria, In the male it weighs from 1.4 to 1.6 kg., in the female from 1.2 to 1.4 kg. It is relatively much larger in the fetus than in the adult.

The new liver cells interfere with the liver’s ability to add or remove substances from the blood. The scarring within the liver obstructs the flow of blood through the liver and to the liver cells resulting in blood “backs-up” in the portal vein, and the pressure in the portal vein increases, a condition called portal hypertension. Blood in the portal vein seeks other veins to return to the heart.
In cirrhosis the liver does not eliminate toxic substances normally, and they can accumulate in the body. Intestine also gets involved there by reducing the digestion.
Mortality rate in cirrhosis of liver

The disease has a high mortality rate.

What Are The Causes Of Cirrhosis Of Liver?

The most common causes of cirrhosis include:
• Long term alcohol abuse.
• Chronic viral hepatitis.
• Autoimmune hepatitis.
• Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
• Certain drugs and toxins.

• Inherited disorders like:
– Hemochromatosis.
– Wilson’s disease.
– Cystic fibrosis.
– Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.

• Conditions affecting the biliary system:
– Primary sclerosing cholangitis.
– Primary biliary cirrhosis.
– Congenital biliary atresia.

• Infections with parasites (Schistosomiasis).
• Chronic heart failure – results in a condition called ‘cardiac cirrhosis’.
• Cryptogenic cirrhosis – cirrhosis due to unidentified causes.

Cirrhosis of liver Signs and Symptoms

At an early stage, there may be no symptoms. At later stage liver cirrhosis presents with following symptoms:
• Yellow discoloration of the skin, mucus membranes, or eye.
• Impotence and breast development in men.
• Loss of appetite.
• Nausea and vomiting.
• Pale stools.
• Spider naevi- Small, red spider-like blood vessels on the skin.
• Weakness, fatigue and irritability.
• Sudden weight loss or weight gain.
• Nosebleeds or bleeding gums.
• Delayed healing of wounds.
• Easy bruising.
• Weak memory.

Which Tests Should Be Done To Evaluate The Liver Condition?

The doctor will perform a physical examination. The following tests may be done to evaluate the liver condition:
• CT scan.
• MRI.
• Ultrasound.
• Endoscopy.
• Liver biopsy may be done to confirm the diagnosis.

Differential diagnosis of cirrhosis of liver

• Portal hypertension.
• Congenital hepatic fibrosis.

Treatment Of Cirrhosis Includes:
• Avoid alcohol.
• Eat a well balanced diet and have multivitamin capsules daily especially vitamin D and K.
• Avoid non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
• Eliminate hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus using anti-viral medications.
• Avoid foods containing colors and chemical preservatives.
• Treat chronic viral infections with appropriate medicine.
• Liver transplantation: Cirrhosis is irreversible. Liver function gradually worsens despite treatment and complications become difficult to treat. Therefore liver transplantation is considered.

Prognosis of cirrhosis of liver

It is difficult to return the liver cirrhosis to normal condition. it lead to many complications.

Complications of cirrhosis of liver

• Edema and ascites.
• Bleeding from esophageal varices.
• Mental confusion or coma.
• Hepatopulmonary syndrome.
• Enlargement of spleen.
• Liver cancer.

Homeopathic treatment for cirrhosis of liver

Remedies that may be recommended for alcoholism: Nux vomica: Staphysagria: Belladonna: Stramonium: Chelidonium: Zincum: Carduus marianus

Remedies that may be recommended for hepatitis: Aconitum: Belladonna: Chelidonium: China: Lycopodium; Mercurius: Phosphorus

Diet / management of cirrhosis of liver

• Avoid alcohol.
• Limit the intake of salt in diet.
• Avoid fatty food.
• Preferably consume vegetarian diet.
• High protein from vegetables like beans, tofu, etc.
• Milk.
• Eat small meals at short intervals.

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