Cervical dysplasia refers to the presence of precancerous changes in the cells that makes up the inner lining of the surface of the cervix that is seen underneath a microscope. The degree and extent of the abnormality seen on a tissue sample with the help of Pap smear which is formally referred as mild, moderate and severe. These systems are based upon changes in the appearance of the cells visualized when smears of individual cells or tissue biopsies are reviewed thoroughly.
Most often seen in women between the age of 25-35 years, but can develop at any age.
Cervical dysplasia is considered a sexually transmitted disease because of the implicated role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in bringing about tissue changes.
• Human papillomavirus (HPV).
• Family history.
• Early age of first intercourse before age of 18years.
• Having a baby before age 16years.
• Multiple sexual partners.
• Sexual exposure to men who are already HPV affected.
• Medications that suppress the immune system.
• Poor diet.
• Long-term oral contraceptive use.
• Chronic cervicitis.
• HSV infection.
• Immune compromise.
• Environmental Carcinogens.
• Low level of folate (vitamin B9) in red blood cells.
• Dietary deficiency such as Vitamin A, C, E and beta-carotene selenium.
• Genital warts.
• Abnormal bleeding.
• Spotting after intercourse.
• Vaginal discharge.
• Vulvar itch.
• Lower back pain.
• Complete case history.
• Physical examination.
• Blood test.
• Pap smear.
• HPV testing.
1. CIN 1(Mild dysplasia): It refers to the presence of dysplasia confined to the basal third of the cervical lining or epithelium. This is considered to be low-grade lesions.
2. CIN 2 (Moderate dysplasia): It is considered to be a high-grade lesion; it refers to dysplastic cellular changes confined to the basal two-thirds of the lining tissue.
3. CIN 3 (Severe dysplasia): It is a high-grade lesion that refers to precancerous changes in the cells encompassing great than two-thirds of the cervical lining thickness, including full-thickness lesion and carcinoma in situ.
• Anti-inflammatory drugs.
• Complete vaccinations.
• Annual Pap smear.
• Cryotherapy (freeze abnormal cells)
• Laser therapy (use of light to burn away abnormal tissue)
• Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LOOP): (use of electricity to remove abnormal tissue)
• Cold-knife cone biopsy (surgical removal of the abnormal tissue)
Prognosis and progress vary with the stage. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment will cure nearly all cases of cervical dysplasia.
Untreated cases may lead to invasive cancer, it takes approximately 10 years or more to develop cervical dysplasia into cervical cancer.
• Quit smoking.
• Avoid alcohol.
• Drink 6-8 glasses of filtered water daily.
• Practice yoga and meditate at least for 20 minutes a day can help one in better living.
• Exercise moderately, for 30 minutes daily.
• Practice safe sex, use the condom.
• Routine PAP screening for cervical cancer after one gets sexually active or especially after the age of 21years.
• Eat a well-balanced diet rich in Vitamin A, B9, C, E, and beta-carotene.
• Green tea acts an s antioxidant and is good for health.
• Take food such as cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli which helps in preventing cervical cancer.
• Eat calcium-rich food including beans, almonds and dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach.
• Eat antioxidant rich food including fruits such as blueberries, cherries, and tomatoes.
• Use olive oil instead of other oils.
• Omega-3 fatty acids decrease inflammation and improve health, take after nutritionists advice.
• Avoid caffeine and tea.
• Get vaccination of HPV between ages of 9 and 26 years.
• Do not have sex for 18 years.
• Practice monogamy, avoid multiple sex partners
• Polyps in vagina, cystic growths.
• Papillomata growths (HPV).
• Soft and spongy growths that bleeds easily.
• Burning soreness in the genitals.
• Sensitivity to cold air, weakness.
• Worse from exertion.
• Inflammation of the uterus and ovaries.
• Burning in the vagina before and after sexual intercourse.
• Suppression of the menses.
• Craves open air, weakness after exertion.
• Inflammation of the vagina, ulcers, and chancers.
• Inflammation of the external genitals with rawness and excoriates spots.
• Ulceration on the female genitals, itching of the genitals from contact with urine.
• Worse at night and from the warmth of the bed.
• Burning, itching and bleeding condylomata on the genitalia.
• Growths on the cervix, burning of the vagina.
• Itching aggravated by cold and touch.
• Pricking pains as if there were a splinter in the affected part.
• Ulceration and congestion of the cervix.
• Warts on the genitals.
• Pain in the uterus.
• A sensation of bearing down in the pelvic organs.
• Better for violent exertion.
• Cauliflower growth on the cervix, around anus, labia and mucous membranes.
• Mucous membranes moist, bleeding and offensive warts on the female genitals.
• Honey sweet odor from the genitals.
• Warts itch and bleed from the rubbing of clothing against them, primarily affected the left side.
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