Carbuncle

Infection of hair follicle is called carbuncle. It is larger than a boil. It is an abscess with one or more openings. It occurs as a result of joining together of multiple boils or infection of multiple hair follicles.

carbuncle

Carbunculosis is a condition when there is a formation of multiple carbuncles.

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The skin surrounding the carbuncle becomes tender and red in color. Carbuncle appears as a bulge in the skin. Carbuncle extends into subcutaneous fat (deeper layer of skin). In person having carbuncle the associated symptoms are fever and fatigue. Pus is drained from carbuncle from multiple openings.

Boil is also known as furuncle. It begins as a painful infection of a single hair follicle caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Common occurrence of boil is on the buttocks, face, neck, armpits and groin.

Several boils unite together to form a carbuncle. The infected area is filled with fluid, pus, and dead tissue. Fever can develop in case of carbuncle. Large boil and carbuncle needs to be drained.
How Carbuncle Appears?

Staphylococcus aureus bacteria infect the hair follicles and cause carbuncle. White blood cells come at the site of infection to overcome it. A pocket of bacteria, dead cells, fluid develops causing carbuncle.
There are more chances of developing a carbuncle from friction of clothes or shaving, poor hygiene and poor health.
Persons with diabetes, dermatitis, and weakened immune systems are at higher risk.

How Carbuncles Looks Like On Skin?

A carbuncle is a swollen lump or mass under the skin. It may be the size of a pea or as large as a golf ball. The carbuncle may be red and irritated and might hurt when you touch it.
• Develop and heal more slowly than single boils do
• Leave a scar
• Grow very fast
• Have a white or yellow centre
• Weep, ooze or crust
• Spread to other skin areas
• Fever
• Chills
• Fatigue

Investigations of Carbuncle

The diagnosis is primarily based on what the skin looks like. A sample of the pus may send to a lab to determine the causative bacteria.  If you get several boils within a short period of time, your doctor may do blood tests to check for diabetes or other medical conditions that can increase your risk of repeated infections.

Treatment of Carbuncle

• Antibiotics
• Incision and drainage
• Application of moist heat for 20-30 minutes, 3 times a day.

Prognosis of Carbuncle

Prognosis depends on severity of infection and response to treatment. Although carbuncle responds well to medicines but carbuncle existing longer than two weeks is responsible for spread of infection to blood-stream and organs.
Recurrence is common. Permanent scarring can occur.

Complications of Carbuncle

• Abscess of the brain, skin, spinal cord, or organs such as the kidneys.
• Endocarditis.
• Osteomyelitis.
• Permanent scarring of the skin.
• Sepsis.
• Spread of infection to other areas.

Other Skin Diseases Looks Like Same As Carbuncle

• Inflamed epidermal inclusion cyst
• Tinea profunda
• Deep fungal infection
• Hidradenitis suppurativa
• Botty infestation
• Conglobate acne

How Proper Hygiene Can Manage Carbuncle?

• Proper hygiene is very important to prevent the spread of infection.
• Hands should always be washed thoroughly, preferably with antibacterial soap, after touching a carbuncle.
• Washcloths and towels should not be shared or reused. Clothing, washcloths, towels, and sheets or other items that contact infected areas should be washed in very hot (preferably boiling) water.
• Bandages should be changed frequently and thrown away in a tightly-closed bag.
• Never squeeze or lance a boil yourself to prevent infection.

Homeopathic treatment for Carbuncle

Arsen.Alb: 
• Painful, large and malignant carbuncles.
• Great restlessness with thirst.
• Better from warm applications.

Belladonna:
• Throbbing pain.
• red inflammed area around the carbuncle.
• Drowsiness.

Lachesis: 
• Bluish appearance of skin.
• Burning at night.
• Cannot bear any bandage around neck.

Secale cor: 
• Carbuncles develops on the arms.
• Aggravated by warm applications.
• Tendency to develop gangrene.

Anthracinum: 
• Ulceration with sloughing and intolerable burning.
• Foul secretions.
• Terrible burning.
• Septic inflammation.

Apis: 
• Burning and stinging pains.
• Skin sore and sensitive.
• Swelling with rosy hue.

Cinchona: 
• Cold skin with mch sweating.
• Extreme sensitiveness ot touch.
• Scrofulous ulcers and caries.

Echinacea: 
• Carbunclea reccure.
• Tired feeling.
• Foul discharges with emeciation and great debility.

Silicea: 
• Delicate, pale, waxy skin.
• Offensive pus.
• Long lasting suppuration.

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