Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a nonmelanocytic skin cancer ie, an epithelial tumor that arises from basal cells.
Men are affected twice as often as women.Patients 50-80 years of age are affected most often.
Individuals of any race can develop basal-cell carcinoma. Individuals of fairer skin tone are more prone to develop it.
Basal-cell carcinomas may be divided into the following types:
• Nodular basal-cell carcinoma
• Cystic basal-cell carcinoma
• Cicatricial basal-cell carcinoma
• Infiltrative basal-cell carcinoma
• Micronodular basal-cell carcinoma
• Superficial basal-cell carcinoma
• Pigmented basal-cell carcinoma
• Rodent ulcer
• Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus
• Polypoid basal-cell carcinoma
• Pore-like basal-cell carcinoma
• Aberrant basal-cell carcinoma
• On skin there is a presence of a pearl-like shining nodule.
• The presentation of patch is like eczema.
• In the patch the erosion or ulceration is in the center.
• Rolled border
• Telangiectases over the surface
• Slow growing
• Risk of recurrence
• Cancer that spread beyond skin is aggressive in form lead to invade adjoining muscles, nerves and bone.
• There also occurs an increased risk of other types of skin cancer.
Prognosis of patient suffering is very good with 100% survival rates.
• Sebaceous hyperplasia
• Squamous cell carcinoma
• Molluscum contagiosum
• Melanocyte nevi
• Bowen disease
• Actinic keratosis
• Fibrous papule of the face
• Malignant melanoma
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