Athlete’s Foot / Tinea Pedis

What Is Athletes Foot

Tenia pedis is also known as athletes foot, ringworm of foot.It is a infection of foot by dermatophyte fungus which causes scaling, itching of the affected area and formation of flakes of skin.Athlete’s foot develops especially on the moist areas between your toes and sometimes on other parts of foot.

athletes foot

Tinea pedis infection thrives in warm humid conditions and is most common infection in young males.

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Infection of tenia pedis is typically transmitted in moist communal areas where people walk barefoot such as showers or bathhouses. Tenia pedis fungus requires a warm moist environment to incubate and grow such as inside a shoe.

Tenia pedis commonly affect feet but it can also spread to other parts of the body and usually affect those parts of the body which are hot and moist such as the part where body heat is more with more perspiration for a long period of time.

Dermatophyte fungi enter the superficial keratin of the skin by using enzymes called keratinases and the infection remains limited to this layer of skin only.

The cell walls of dermatophyte contain mannans which inhibit the body’s immune response. Tenia rubrum in particular contains mannans that reduce proliferation of keratinocytes resulting in decreased rate of sloughing and chronic infectious state.

Who Are More Affected?

Tenia pedis affects all age groups but is more common in adults than in children.
Tenia pedis infection affect males more commonly than females.

What Causes Athlete's Foot / Tenia pedis?

Tenia pedis occurs more frequently due to the following fungi
• Epidermophyton floccosum.
• Trichophyton interdigitale.
• Trichophyton rubrum.

Some predisposing factors leading to development of tinea pedis are as follows

• The fungi spores stay in bathrooms, changing rooms, swimming pools for months or years.

Some people are more prone to infection of tinea pedis. This may be because

Their skin produces less fatty acid.
They wear occlusive footwear.
They sweat heavily.
They have some kind of immune deficiency.
They have poor circulation resulting in cold feet as in case of lymphoedema.

Is It Contagious?

Tenia pedis appear in various patterns and may affect one or both feet.It is mildly contagious.

Following type of symptoms appear
• In cases of chronic hyperkeratotic tinea there is fine dry scaling on the soles of feet.
• In some cases the skin of entire sole, heels, and sides of the foot is dry but no inflammation is seen.
• In athletes foot there is moist peeling irritable skin between the toes.It is most commonly between the cleft of fourth and fifth toes.
• In other cases it appears cluster or pustules on the sides of the feet or insteps.
• There are round dry patches on the top of foot.

Is There Any Test To Diagnose Athlete's Foot/Tenia pedis?

The case of tinea pedis examined first then confirmed diagnosis is done on the basis of microscopic examination and culture of the skin scrapings.

How To Treat Athlete's Foot/Tenia pedis?

Tinea pedis is treated by following medications
• Topical application of antifungal agents.
• Oral antifungal medicines are given.

Athlete's Foot / Tenia pedis Can Lead To Complications

• There may be secondary infections at the site of fungal infection. Secondary bacterial infection can occur which leads to painful erosion of the skin.
• Allergic reaction: In cases after the attack of athletes foot proteins sometimes enter your blood stream and this can lead to allergic reaction which causes blisters on  fingers, toes or hands.

How To Treat With Homeopathic Medicines

Graphites
• Well indicated medicine for tinea pedis.
• There occur cracks or fissures in the fingertips.
• There occurs edema of the lower limb.
• Nails of the fingers are deformed, painful, sore, thick and crippled.
• Finger nails thick, black and rough with matrix inflamed.

Silicea terra
• Very good medicine for affection of finger nails.
• Feet are icy cold and sweaty.
• Offensive sweat on feet, hands.
• There is pain beneath the toe.
• Soles are sore.
• Well indicated medicine for tinea pedis infection.
• Soreness in feet is present from instep and throughout to the sole.
• Suppuration of the feet.

Thuja occidentalis
• Tips of fingers of feet are swollen, red and feel dead.
• Indicated for pain in the heels.
• Perspiration is sweetish and strong.
• Brown spots on hands and arms.
• Nails crippled, brittle and soft.

Nitricum acidum
• Fetid foot sweat, causing soreness of toes with sticking pain.
• Ulcers on skin which bleed easily.
• Well indicated medicine for infection of tinea pedis.
• Sweating of palms, hands which are cold with blue nails.

Sanicula aqua
• Skin of the patient is dirty, greasy, brownish, wrinkled.
• Eczema, fissured hands and fingers.
• Burning of soles of feet.
• Offensive foot sweat.
• This medicine helps in treating the infection of tinea pedis.

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