Asperger syndrome is an autistic spectrum disorder (ASD).Asperger syndrome has characteristic significant difficulties in social interaction, restricted interest and repetitive pattern of behavior. Clumsiness in patients is prominent but they have normal to above-average intelligence.
The exact cause of Asperger syndrome is not known, although it is believed that genetic component is involved as it run in families.
In some cases it may related to problems in pregnancy or at time of birth and toxic exposures.
Patient’s development of language is normal but there is abnormality in subtle use of language.Anxiety and frustration leads to depression in patient affected with Asperger syndrome.
The Asperger syndrome is named in 1944 after the Austrian pediatrician Dr.Hans Asperger. Dr. Asperger has seen the condition in four boys who “lacks empathy, unable to form friendship, clumsy movements, one-sided conversation and absorption in specific interests.”
Many experts consider Asperger syndrome as a different way of thinking.Its positive characteristic are described as beneficial in many professions as the patient has ability to focus on details; they are not swayed by others opinions as they are preserved in specific interests; they recognizes the patterns that others may miss; They have acquired an original way of thinking.Who Are More Affected ?
Syndrome is diagnosed in early school years.
Asperger syndrome is more common in boys than in girls.
• Child with Asperger syndrome is over-focused or obsessed on a single topic or objects and ignores all others. They are eager to know everything about that specific topic.
• They are unable to recognize that the other person has lost interest in the topic.
• They approach other people but problem with their speech and language leads to isolation.
• Unusual body language, facial expressions, problem with eye contact.
• They speak in monotone.
• They do not respond to other’s comments or emotions.
• They are unable to understand sarcasm or humor.
• They are rigid about routines or rituals.
• Delay in motor development such as delay in riding a bicycle, catch a ball, climb, etc.
• Clumsy walk or other activities.
• Repetitive finger flapping, twisting or whole body movements.
Diagnosis depends on interviewing and observing the individual along with individual’s family members and also teachers or counselors if needed.
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder the individual must exhibit:
A. Qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following:
1. Marked impairments in eye-to-eye contact, body posture, facial expression and gestures.
2. Failure to develop friendship.
3. Unable to share interest or achievements with others.
B. Restricted repetitive patterns of activities and interests as manifested by at least one of the following:
1. Preoccupation with restricted patterns of interest.
2. Rigid to specific routines or rituals.
3. Flapping or twisting of hand or finger or complex body movements.
C. The disturbance results in significant impairments in occupational, social or other important areas of functioning.
D. There is no significant delay in language, cognitive development, or self help skills, adaptive behavior.
There is no effective medical therapy for Asperger syndrome.Medicines are prescribed to give relief symptomatically or to suppress other psychiatric conditions.
SSRI (selective serotonin re uptake inhibitor) medicine is given to give relief from anxiety and depression.
• Child abuse and neglect.
• Conduct disorder.
• Cognitive deficit.
• Fetal alcohol syndrome.
• Fragile X syndrome.
• Birth trauma.
Behavioral and educational interventions are helpful in people with Asperger syndrome.
The effective behavioral and educational interventions include:
• Efforts to reduce overload of sensory input.
• Speech or language therapy.
• Training of adaptive skills or life skills.
• Social skills training programs.
• Training of self advocacy.
• Educational supports
When social, educational and behavioral support is provided to people with Asperger syndrome,a happy and productive life can be expected from that person.
However, interaction with people and personal relationships may be a problem.
With a right kind of support a person with Asperger syndrome is able to maintain successful career in mainstream job leads an independent life.
In cases of any emergency situation such as poisoning, serious abdominal complaints (such as acute appendicitis and pancreatitis), fractures, injury, and accidents should be first taken to emergency. However a patient can consult his homeopathic physician after recovering from his initial phase. Please note Homeopathy plays no role in treating any nutritional disorders.
The scope of Homeopathy is limited. It is the sole responsibility of the physician to decide upon the cure – by looking into the complete nature of the disease, onset and stage of the disease and then act accordingly.
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