Adenoid hypertrophy is the growth of the adenoid tonsil. They can obstruct airflow enough so that breathing through the nose requires an uncomfortable effort and inhalation occurs through an open mouth. It also affects the voice.
Hence children who do not get enough sleep can exhibit behavior problems because they are tired such as showing lack of attention in studies, listening complaints and can also lead to ADHD.
The adenoid usually reaches its greatest size by about age 5 years, and relapses by late childhood – generally by the age of 7 years.
Temporary enlargement is not a concern as long as the adenoids return to their normal size. Adenoids that continually swell can become a problem and even lead to infections.
Adenoids are the glands of the lymphatic system. They are present on either side of the back of the nasal cavity at roof of the mouth.
Their function is to protect us from infection.
Adenoid hypertrophy is a childhood disease.
The infection results in enlargement of the adenoids.
Although lymphoid tissue act to fight infections, sometimes bacteria and viruses can lodge within it and survive.
Chronic infection,either viral or bacterial,can keep the pad of adenoids enlarged for years,even into adulthood.
Some viruses,such as Epstein Barr Virus,can cause dramatic enlargement of lymphoid tissue.Primary or reactivation infections with Epstein Barr Virus,and certain other bacteria and viruses,can even cause enlargement of the adenoidal pad in an adult whose adenoids had previously become atrophied.
The adenoids are in the midline of the nasopharynx, and the Eustachian tubes open from either ear to the right and left of them.
Very large adenoids will block air passage in both the nose and the ears.This obstruction of normal air ventilation can leads to both sinusitis and otitis media.
• Bad breath.
• Dry mouth.
• Frequent ear infections.
• Stopped breathing for a few seconds during sleep (sleep apnea ).
• Cracked lips.
• Intermittent sleep apnea.
• Mouth breathing (mostly at night), difficult breathing.
• Persistent runny nose or nasal congestion.
• Restlessness while sleeping.
• Strep throat.
• X-ray (side view of the throat).
• Sleep apnea studies (severe cases only).
• Physician may take complete medical history, physical examination.
• Throat culture.
• Blood test.
• Streptococcal test.
• In case of infection from Streptococcus bacteria, antibiotics are required.
• In case of viral infection antibiotics are not effective. Hydration and control of fever is necessary.
• Cortisone may be needed to reduce inflammation e.g. prednisone, prednisolone.
• Surgical removal may be needed.
• Chronic ear infections.
• Sleep apnea.
• Pulmonary hypertension.
• Right sided heart failure.
• A tampon of Hydrastis and glycerine is very helpful.
• Weelky dose of tuberculinum is very useful in treating adenoids.
• Obstruction of the nostrils from adenoids.
• Breathes with mouth open.
• Patient is extremely sensitive to cold.
• Heat and dryness in throat.
• Drinking water gives relief.
• Recurrent ear infections occurs because of
• Delayed physical and mental development.
• Recurrent ear infections and sore throat.
• Suited to chubby child.
• Feeling of lethargy.
• Pain on opening mouth.
• Suited to anemic children who are peevish, flabby, have cold extremities and feeble digestion.
• Tendency to perspiration and glandular enlargement.
• Numbness and crawling are the characteristic sensations.
• Sensation of lump in the throat.
• Right side is affected more.
• Aching, soreness, restlessness and prostration are the general symptoms.
• Glandular swelling with heat and inflammation.
• Enlarged adenoids at the beginning of the hypertrophic process.
• Tendency to dryness with scanty secretions.
• Rawness and soreness in the posterior nares.
• It is indicated in the chronic hypertrophy of the glands.
• Suited to children who go around with their mouth open and who talk through the nose.
• Appears stupid and hard of hearing.
• Suited to thin dark complexioned people.
• Tendency to enlargement of lymphatic glands.
• Patient wants cool surroundings.
• Hot water gargles.
• Eat raw vegetables and fresh fruits.
• Fresh fruit juice increases immunity.
• Garlic cloves are beneficial.
• Herbal tea is soothing.
• Vitamin C increases immunity.
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