Skin Infections/ Skin Rash in Dogs

The skin problems are a very common health problem in dogs. Skin rash in dogs/ dog skin infection can be caused by an underlying condition such as allergies, heat, bacterial infections and parasites. There may be some eruptions in dog’s skin but most commonly they may caused by any injury or due to any infectious disease. A skin rash can be painful, itchy and very uncomfortable. Many skin conditions can quickly progress. These conditions are generally characterized with dog itchy skin.

Causes of skin rash in dogs:

  • The most common reason for dog skin rash/dog skin problems are allergies. Allergies may be caused by your dog’s diet, by the environment (air-borne) and by parasites.
  • A few flea bites on a dog that is allergic to flea saliva can trigger itching and scratching for weeks.  A flea bite allergy is also known as flea allergy dermatitis.
  • The most common food allergies in dogs are beef, dairy, chicken, corn, wheat, soy and yeast.
  • A dog skin rash may also be reacting due to an allergy to the preservatives, dyes and fillers in his diet. Any dog can develop allergies. There are some breeds that are more prone to develop food and airborne allergies such as the Maltese, German Shepherd, Bull Terrier, Cocker Spaniel, American Hairless Terrier, Lhasa Apso, American Pit Bull Terrier, Golden Retriever and the English Bulldog.
  • Parasites not only cause skin rashes, they can rob your dog of nutrients. A heavy infestation of fleas, mites and ticks can also cause your dog to become anemic. Dogs that have a skin rash should be seen by a veterinarian.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms of Skin Rash in Dogs may include:
  • Pimple-like pustules on the skin
  • Hair loss
  • Ulcerated skin
  • Bleeding Red and inflamed skin
  • Swelling
  • Sneezing
  • Itchiness
  • Skin flaking
  • Weeping skin
  • Constant licking, biting and chewing
  • Scabs and crusty skin
  • Strong bad odor
  • Depression
  • Secondary skin infection
Diagnosis and Investigation

  1. The veterinarian will perform a thorough physical examination and may recommend a complete blood count (CBC).  A complete blood count can help determine if the dog has a bacterial infection or if he is anemic.
  2. A skin scrape or biopsy may be taken to be analyzed under a microscope. This can indicate the presence of parasites or secondary infections to the rash, like fungal yeast.

Dog skin infection treatment:

  • Mange ( Mites on dogs skin) are usually treated with dips and medicated shampoo.  Fleas and ticks are treated with a topical product and followed by regular application moving forward, of a parasite preventative medication.
  • If dog was diagnosed with parasites, the home and yard may need to be professionally fumigated dog’s bedding and toys should be washed in hot water.
  • Dogs diagnosed with food allergies may need to have a dietary elimination trial.
  • An elimination diet, under the guidance of your veterinarian, can help determine what foods your dog is allergic to. Once a food sensitivity is identified, the rash caused by the reaction should begin to clear.
Homoeopathic Treatment

  1. Apis Mellifica
  2. Dulcamara
  3. Urtica Urens
  4. Sulphur

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