Lipomas are subcutaneous (underneath the skin) masses or tumors that develop commonly in dogs. Lipoma in Dogs are usually soft, with limited mobility under the skin. The overlying skin is usually not affected. Sometimes lipomas are painful according to their positions. Over time they can grow larger and can impede movement if they are located between the legs or low on the chest. Most dogs that develop a lipoma will develop multiple tumors. But, it is important to recognize that additional masses do not necessarily indicate malignancy or metastasis. Since other cutaneous masses may appear similar to lipomas, it is recommended that every mass be checked individually.
Lipomas are most often found on the torso, neck, upper legs and armpits, but they can occur almost anywhere. Lipomas are the most common noncancerous soft tissue growth, although other lumps and bumps may appear on your dog, especially as he grows older.
Another sub-classification of the benign lipomas are infiltrative lipomas. These typically invade locally into muscle tissue and fascia and may need to be removed.
Liposarcomas, on the other hand, are malignant and can spread (metastasize) to the lungs, bone and other organs. These tumors are rare, but are indicative of the importance of examining all subcutaneous masses respectively.
Causes of Lipoma in dogs:
A lipoma is a growth of fat cells contained in a thin capsule, usually found just below the skin. The causes of lipomas in dogs may include following factors.
How Do I know the tumor is a Lipoma or Not?
- Poor Diet: A poor or defective diet habbits in our pet may cause lipomas. Carbohydrates, chemical preservatives and other toxins found in processed foods all contribute to fatty tumor growth.
Water is also an important part of dog’s diet and tap water should be avoided as the chlorine can damage dog’s thyroid and upset his endocrine system.
- Drugs and Chemicals: The products used on dogs to control fleas, ticks, heartworms and other worms are not only toxic to insects and parasites, they are toxic to dog. There are natural and effective ways to control these internal pests without toxic residue.
Vaccines and other pharmaceutical products are also loaded with contaminants and should be avoided whenever necessary.
- Environment: Dog’s environment is a major source of toxins.The accumulation of some toxic substances in dog’s skin may cause lipomas.
The sign and symptoms of a tumor helps us to differentiate whether it is a lipoma or not.
Most lipomas feel soft and movable under the skin. They usually do not make pets uncomfortable unless they are in a location where normal movement is disrupted, like in the axillary region under the front leg. Often they are located on the belly or trunk, but can be anywhere on the dog’s body. Most dogs with one lipoma will eventually develop several.
Diagnosis and Treatment for lipoma in dogs
- A complete physical exam, checking for all palpable masses.
- A fine needle aspirate will indicate whether the mass is a benign lipoma, or whether it is a more worrisome masses that is mimicking a lipoma. If the aspirate is inconclusive, surgical removal and histopathology may be necessary to arrive at a clear diagnosis.
- Infiltrative lipomas may require a computed tomography (CT)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to adequately understand the mass and tissue location.
Homoeopathic Treatment for lipoma in dogs
- Flouric Acid