Dog Lice

Lice in a dog shows the hygiene status. Dog lice are not commonly found on dogs in the United States but they can easily be found in other developing countries. Dogs that live in a clean environment and receive regular grooming have a slim chance of contracting them, while poorly nourished dogs are more likely to attract and retain them.

They are slightly smaller than fleas and are a lighter color, more like beige or tan. And fortunately they cannot jump from host to host like human lice can. They are actually very slow moving, almost motionless on the skin of the dog.

Dog infestation with lice is known as “canine pediculosis.” Lice are insects that live on the skin and fur of an affected pet. A “louse” is the term for a single insect. Lice are external parasites that chew on the skin or suck the blood, causing skin irritation, itchiness, and possible anemia in severe infestations. Untreated pets can develop pediculosis over the entire body. Infestations are more common in young pups, debilitated/malnourished animals or geriatric animals in unsanitary conditions.

Infestations are not common in clean, healthy pets. Lice are tiny, species-specific external parasites that live on the skin and hair coat of dogs and other mammals.
The lice that affect people are not the same as the lice that affect dogs or other animals, and they typically do not transfer between different species. They are easily killed by topical insecticides. Some of the more common insecticides used to treat pediculosis include lime-sulfur, pyrethrins and pyrethroids.

Why my dog gets lice?
Both types of lice can be transferred between dogs through direct contact or contact with contaminated objects.

Locations where dogs are in close contact such as dog parks, boarding kennels, grooming facilities and animal shelters are all possible places pets can contract lice.

Dogs that share kennels, bedding, furniture, or outdoor space with affected dogs are at increased risk for lice infestation.

How many types of dog lice are found?
There are two main types of lice that can attach themselves to a dog:

  1. Sucking (linognathus piliferus setosus) – feed on the blood of the dog and in turn can be more irritating to the dogs.
  2. Biting (trichodectes canis) – feed on the dead skin flakes of skin which rest on the body of the dog.

The human kind like our hair because we keep it nice and clean whereas the dog kind prefer the dirt and oil on the hair of our dogs. Lice on dogs are quite easy to spot on the hair and skin, especially when you are looking for them.

The fleas attach their eggs with a type of glue substance to the hair of the dog. The eggs are the most stubborn and resistant.

How do I confirm my dog is having lice?
Symptoms of lice infestation in dogs can include one or more of the following:

  • Itchiness
  • Scratching, rubbing and/or biting at skin
  • Restlessness
  • Skin redness, irritation
  • Dry coat
  • Matted fur
  • Hair loss – often around neck, ears, upper back, groin and rectum
  • Anemia – more often seen with severe infestation
  • Lethargy
  • weight loss
  • poor development in severely infested pups
The lice in the dog can be treated by various methods according to the sign and symptoms.

Most common thing that we need to do is to disinfectant the beddings of the dog.

Proper hygiene should be maintained.

Topical insecticides, shampoos and lotions can also help the dog to get rid of lice.

In case if the fur of dog gets matted due to lice infestation,the shave of dog should be done.

One should be cautious in case of using harmful insecticides on the skin of dogs if the dog is a puppy or a pregnant dog. Proper advice and instructions of a vet should be follow.

Homoeopathic Treatment for dog lice

  1. Psorinum
  2. Sulphur
  3. Sabadila
  4. Nat-Mur
  5. Merc-Sol

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