Conjunctivitis in Dogs

Conjunctivitis in Dogs/ Pink Eye:
Pink eye in dogs, also known as red eye or conjunctivitis. This can be explained as an itchy inflammation of the tissue in the inner eyelids and the whites of the eyes. This may lead to the condition of pain, blindness, and further infection in dogs if not treated with in time. Conjunctivitis in dogs may look the same as pink eye in humans, but it is often caused by irritation from a foreign substance or allergen, rather than a contagious infection.

Causes Of Pink Eye/ Conjunctivitis In Dogs
Pink eye can be caused by anything that results in inflammation to the conjunctiva, or the tissue of the eyelids and white parts of the eyes.

  • Irritants in the air such as smoke, dust, or perfume
  • Foreign object lodged in the eye or under the eyelid Irritants in the air such as smoke, dust, or perfume.
  • Immune disease
  • Canine distemper
  • Upper respiratory tract infection
  • Infections from bacteria such as streptococcus and staphylococcus
  • Viral infections
  • Glaucoma
  • Dry eye or inability to produce enough tears
  • Obstructed tear ducts
  • Malformed eyelids
  • Eye injury
  • Allergies
  • Pink eye can be caused by the presence of cancerous tumors.
  • Sometimes it can also result from lesions that appear as pink masses, which are not cancer, but appear most commonly in Collies.
Some specific breeds of dogs are more prone for some specific eye disease conditions. E.g. German Shepherd Dogs are also predisposed to a certain type of pink eye called plasma-cell conjunctivitis.

Symptoms Of Pink Eye In Dogs
  • Puffy eyelids
  • Watery, mucus, or pus discharge
  • Squinting
  • Frequent spasms of blinking
  • Swelling of the eyes
  • Pawing at the eyes or rubbing against the ground or furniture
  • Eyelids stuck shut
  • Sneezing or coughing
Investigations

  1. Blood Test.
  2. Swab sample from the eyes for culture and identification of specific bacterial involvement.

Treatment Of Pink Eye In Dogs
Conjunctivitis in dogs is usually the result of an irritant and not a contagious infection that can spread from dog to dog, treatment will most of the time involve flushing the eyes and reducing inflammation with eye drops and ointments. If the irritant is an allergen, this may be followed up with antihistamines.

In the case of a bacterial infection, antibiotics may be given, such as ciprofloxacin. These can come in eye drops, ointments, or pills and your dog may be prescribed several drugs at the same time to cover multiple bacteria.

Prevention of Pink Eye
Prevention of pink eye is possible by reducing interactions with contaminated water or other materials.

Eliminating exposure to known allergens or irritants, such as cigarette smoke, also helps. Staying up-to-date on vaccinations for conditions such as distemper will also reduce the risk of contracting pink eye as a secondary condition.

Homoeopathic Treatment

  1. Belladonna
  2. Euphrasia
  3. Rhus-Tox
  4. Allium-Cepa
  5. Arg-Nitricum

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