Calculi in Dogs

What Are Renal Stones?
Kidney stones in dogs or Calculi in dogs is most common complaint which can be seen in dogs, especially the young ones. Most common form of renal stones are bladder stones in dogs.

However, some breeds of dog are more susceptible to certain types of kidney stones than other specific breeds. For example, kidney stones in dogs may vary according to their breeds, e.g. calcium and oxalic acid (known as calcium oxalate nephroliths) stones are more likely to be found in Lhasa Apsos, Yorkshire Terriers, and Miniature Poodles. Kidney stones containing uric acid (known as urate nephrolithiasis), on the other hand, typically affect Dalmatians, Yorkshire Terriers, and English Bulldogs.

What Are The Causes Of Calculi in dogs?
There are a number of causes and risk factors that may contribute to the development of kidney stones in dogs and the development of bladder stones in dogs, such as:

  • The oversaturation of stone-forming material’s in the dog’s urine.
  • Other potential causes include increased levels of calcium in the urine and blood, diets that produce high (alkaline) urine pH.
  • Recurrent urinary tract infections.
  • Very low water intake.
  • Improper diet or eating habits in dogs.
  • Specific kind of drugs or supplement foods can also cause kidney stones in dogs.
Types Of Renal Stones/ calculi in dogs
There are several different types of Kidney stones in dogs, depending on their chemical composition.

  1. Struvite stones are composed of magnesium ammonium phosphate. Others are made of calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, cystine, ammonium.
  2. Urate or other chemical compounds.
  3. Some stones can actually be a combination of these. Each type of stone has its own different peculiarities as to which breed is most often affected and the causative factors affect the formation of stones.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Renal Stones/ calculi in dogs?

  1. Frequent attempts to urinate without producing much urine.
  2. Straining to urinate.
  3. Discolored urine.
  4. Licking around the urinary opening.
  5. Blood mixed in urine.
  6. Discomfort and pain while passing urine.

How Are Renal Stones Investigated?

  • Blood Test.
  • Urine routine examinations.
  • Ultrasonography.
How To Treat Renal Stones/ calculi in dogs?
Kidney stones in dogs treatment can be easily available nowadays, but we need to look for a permanent and safest way for that. Most of the stones are a collection of minerals and other materials. Most kidney stones in dogs are made from struvite, calcium oxalate, urate, or cystine crystals. In many cases, the specific type of crystal involved can be seen in a sample of urine viewed under the microscope.

If struvite is the diagnosis, a veterinarian will treat the underlying cause (e.g., antibiotics for urinary tract infections) and may recommend a therapeutic diet that will dissolve the stones and crystals.

Dogs prescribed antibiotics will typically use the drugs while consuming the therapeutic dog foods, and possibly longer if needed. Surgery or other procedures like lithotripsy (breaking up the stones with ultrasonic shock waves) will be necessary to get the stones out of the bladder. The therapeutic diet for dissolving struvite stones, however, must be given under a veterinarian’s supervision. This is because they are formulated to make the dog produce more acidic urine than they would otherwise in order to break down the stone. If urinary acidification is taken too far, calcium oxalate stones can be the result.

Homeopathic Treatment For Kidney Stones/ renal calculi In Dogs:

  1. Sarsaprilla
  2. Lycopodium
  3. Berberis Vulgaris
  4. Cantharis
  5. Hydrastis

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