Health Tools
11 Deoxycortisol / Cortodoxone
doxone is a steroid that can be oxygenated to cortisol ( hydrocortisone ) Reference range –People aged 18 yrs or young -...

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17-Hydroxyprogesterone, Serum
Description Hydroxyprogesterone (17-OH progesterone) is a C 21 steroid hormone during the synthesis of glucocorticoids and sex hormones. 17-hydroxyprogesterone is derived from progesterone via 17-hydroxylase. 17-hydroxyprogesterone is natural progesterone and increases in the third...

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21-Hydroxylase Antibodies
Description of 21-hydroxylase antibodies 21-hydrosylase antibodies are markers of autoimmune Addison disease, which may manifest alone or as part of type І or type ІІ polyglandular autoimmune syndrome. These antibodies may be present even...

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5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid (5-HIAA)
Description of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid 5-HIAA is a form of metabolite of serotonin, serotonin which is a chemical transmitter needed by the brain and special cells in the lung and gastrointestinal tract. Once the cells...

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5’-Nucleotidase
Description of 5’-nucleotidase 5’nucleotidase (5NT) is an intrinsic glycoprotein of membranes of cells that is present as an enzyme in a wide variety of human cells. This glycoprotein helps to increase the hydrolysis of...

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Acetaminophen level
Description of acetaminophen Acetaminophen is medicine commonly used as an antipyretic and analgesic. In cases of liver failure when drug dosage is increased above the normal levels to be given it lead to acetaminophen...

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Acetoacetate
Aceoacetate is one of ketones created by fat metabolism.Reference RangeThe reference range for acetoacetate is 5-30 µg/mL.

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Acetylcholine receptor antibody
Description of acetylcholine receptor antibody Acetylcholine receptor antibody is a protein found in the blood of most of the patients suffering from myasthenia gravis. This antibody affects a chemical that sends signals from nerves...

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Acid base interpretation
Description for acid base interpretation test Maintenance of the acid-balance is a co ordinate effort by the kidneys and lungs. In combination these organs excrete approximately 15,000 nmol of CO2 and 50-100 mEq of...

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Acid Phosphatase
Acid phosphatases are enzymes that are capable of hydrolyzing phosphate esters in an acidic environment. Acid phosphatese is also produced in prostate was first serum marker for prostate cancer and was widely used to...

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ACTH Stimulation test
ACTH is a hormone produced in the anterior pituitary gland which stimulates the adrenal glands to release cortisol ,DHEAS( dehydroepiandrosterone ) and aldosterone .ACTH is used to diagnose –

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Activated clotting time
Description of activated clotting time Activated clotting time (ACT), also known as activated coagulation time is a test of coagulation. Activated clotting time is a point-of-care coagulation test diagnosed to monitor heparin therapy in...

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Activated protein C resistance (Factor V leiden)
Description of activated protein C resistance test Activated protein C is the enzymatically active form of protein C after proteolytic cleavage by thrombomodulin-bound thrombin. An important natural anticoagulant, APC inactivates factors Va and VІΙa....

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Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)
Description of adrenocorticotropic hormone Adrenocorticotroic hormone (ACTH) is a polypeptide tropic hormone composed of 39 amino acids that is secreted by corticotroph cells in the anterior pituitary gland. ACTH maintains the adrenal gland size,...

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Alanine aminotransferase
Description of alanine aminotransferase test An alanine aminotransferase (ALT) test measures the amount of this enzyme in the blood. ALT is found mainly in the liver but also in smaller amounts in the kidneys,...

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Albumin
Albumin is a blood plasma protein which is synthesized in liver .Albumin constitutes about two-third of total protein content.Albumin is soluble in water,...

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Aldolase
Aldolase is an enzyme which is responsible for breaking glucose products into energy.Aldolase is a cytoplasmic enzyme which is responsible for converting sugar into energy .It specifically does the...

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Ammonia
Description of ammonia Ammonia is a compound produced by intestinal bacteria and cells during the digestion of protein. This ammonia is then transported through the portal vein to the liver, where the ammonia is...

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Amylase
Amylase blood test is used to diagnose acute and chronic pancreatitis. Amylase test are also used to monitor treatment of cancers involving pancreas. 

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ANA ( Antinuclear antibodies test )
Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) test identifies the antibodies present in serum. Most of these antibodies are IgM , IgG , IgA . An ANA test detects antinuclear antibodies in the blood.

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Androgen -Hormone
Androgens also known as androgenic hormone or testoid are group of chemicals released by gonads (testes, ovaries) and adrenal glands which control many sexual...

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Anion Gap
Description The anion gap is the difference between primary measured cations (sodium Na+ and potassium K+) and the primary measured anions (chloride Cl- and bicarbonate and potassium K+) in serum. The equation itself is...

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Anti -Smooth-Muscle Antibody
Description of anti smooth muscle antibody Anti-smooth muscle antibodies are antibodies formed against smooth muscle. These antibodies are associated with autoimmune hepatitis. These antibodies are present in the sera of patients who are suffering...

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Anti –RA33 Antibody
Description of anti-RA33 antibody test Anti-RA33 antibodies are typically associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The hall mark feature of this condition is persistent symmetric polyarthritis that affects the hands and feet, although any joint...

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Anti-RNP antibody
Description of anti-RNP antibody test Anti-RNP antibodies are the antibodies directed against the U1 particle of an extractable nuclear antigen (ENA) named ribonucleoprotein which is made up of complex proteins and a small nuclear...

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Anti-streptolysin O Titer
Description of anti-streptolysin O Titer test Anti-streptolysin O is the antibody made against streptolysin O, an immunogenic, oxygen-liable hemolytic toxin produced by most strains of group A and many strains of group C and...

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Anti-Xa assay (heparin assay)
Description of anti-Xa assay test The anti- factor Xa assay is helpful in measuring plasma heparin levels and to monitor anticoagulant therapy. Heparin is a mixture of negatively charged glycosaminoglycans that have anticoagulant properties...

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Antiadrenal antibody
In the autoimmune diseases of adrenal gland, serum antibodies against several of steroidogenic enzymes such as P450scc, P450c17 and P450c21 are present. These enzymes play a role in side-chain cleavage and hydroxylation of steroids....

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Antimicrobial susceptibility
Description of antimicrobial susceptibility test Antimicrobial susceptibility tests are used to determine which specific antibiotics a particular bacteria or fungus is sensitive to. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of bacterial and fungal isolates is a common...

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Antimitochondrial antibody
Description of antimitichondrial antibody test Anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMA) are auto antibodies, consisting of immunoglobulin are formed against mitochondria, primarily mitochondria in cells of the liver. The presence of AMA’s in the blood and serum...

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Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Autoantibody, Cytoplasmic (c-ANCA)
Description Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Autoantibody, Cytoplasmic (c-ANCA) Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) are found in several vasculitic conditions, including granulomatosis with polyangiitis, microscopic polyangiitis, and Churg-Strauss syndrome. Reference Range of Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Autoantibody, Cytoplasmic (c-ANCA) Antineutrophil...

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Antiphospholipid antibodies
Description of antiphospholipid antibodies Antiphospholipid (APL) antibodies are group of antibodies directed against epitopes on plasma proteins that are uncovered by binding of these proteins to anionic phospholipids on plasma membranes. The most commonly...

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Antithrombin / Functional Antithrombin III / AT III
Antithrombin III is a blood test which measures the amount of antithrombin III .Anti-thrombin (AT III) is a protein which controls blood clotting

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Antithyroglobulin antibody
Description of Antithyroglobulin antibody Antithyroglobulin antibody is a test to measure antibodies to a protein called thyroglobulin, which is found in thyroid cells. The three types of thyroid autoantigens that generate antibodies in autoimmune...

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Antithyroid Antibody
Reference Range• Thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb): Less than 35 IU/mL • Thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin antibody (TSI): Less than 140% of basal activity • Thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb): Less than 20 IU/mL

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Apolipoprotein A-I (Apo-A1)
Apolipoprotein A-I is a structural and functional protein constituting approximately 70% of the protein in HDL.Apolipoprotein-A1 is produced in the liver and intestines.

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Apolipoprotein B
Apolipoprotein B levels evaluate the risk for cardiovascular disease

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Audiometry
An audiometry is a test which helps to test your ability to hear sounds. Sounds vary on the basis of their loudness (intensity) and the...

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Bacterial Wound Culture
Bacterial wound cultures are used to determine the presence of infection in wounds and identify the bacteria causing the infection.

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Barium Swallow
A barium swallow is a radiographic (X-ray) examination of the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract especially the pharynx, the esophagus, stomach and small intestine. Generally these organs are not visible on x-ray; barium swallow temporarily...

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Barium Swallow
What is it?A barium swallow is a radiographic (X-ray) examination of the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract especially the pharynx, the esophagus, stomach...

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Beta hydroxybutyrate
Description of beta hydroxybutyrate test β-hydroxybutyrate is one of the ketone bodies. Ketone bodies can provide as much as two thirds of the brain’s energy needs. Ketone bodies are strong organic acids that fully...

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Blood culture
Description Blood cultures are helpful to identify microorganisms in the blood and to assist in guiding antimicrobial therapy. Common causes or sources of bacteremia include the following • Abscesses. • Surgical wounds. • Biliary...

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Blood glucose test
The blood test that is used to measure the amount of glucose in blood is called blood glucose test. This test...

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Blood sugar / Fasting blood sugar
Glucose is the primary energy source for body’s cells and the only energy source for brain and nervous system.Blood glucose test measures the amount...

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Blood Urea Nitrogen
A blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test measures the amount of nitrogen in your blood that comes from the waste product urea. Urea...

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Blood Uric acid
The blood uric acid test measures the amount of uric acid in blood. Uric acid is the breakdown product  of purines,...

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Blood Uric Acid Test
The blood uric acid test measures the amount of uric acid in blood. Uric acid is produced by the breakdown of purines, which is commonly found in foods like anchovies, dried beans, peas and...

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Bone Marrow Aspiration
Bone marrow aspiration /sterna tap Iliac/ crest tap Bone marrow is the soft tissue inside bone that helps to form blood cells. It is found in the hollow part of most bones. The marrow...

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Bone Marrow Aspiration
What is it?Bone marrow is the soft tissue inside bone that helps form blood cells. It is found in the hallow part...

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Why not ask your query directly to Dr. Thind’s team? Get an expert opinion FOR FREE!

Please fill your queries below and we will get back to you within 48 hours.

Homeopathy gives us the best treatment with full safety, effective and no side effects

Homeopathy gives a rapid, gentle and permanent results in most cases.
The use of homeopathy often avoids surgery.
Homeopathic remedies work on mind and body and also relieve tensions, worries and anxiety.

*I hereby agree that Dr. Thind’s Homeopathy can call me & send me emails.
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