Health Tools

  • Vitamin B12 deficiency

    Vitamin B12 commonly known as Cobalamin is vital for the formation of red blood cells, as well as for the proper functioning of... Read More >>

  • Vitamin B6/ Pyridoxine

    Vitamin B6 is a water soluble vitamin i.e. it get dissolved in water. The body cannot store them. Leftover amount of vitamin B6... Read More >>

  • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

    Vitamin B2 is also known as Riboflavin. Prime role of this vitamin is to help with energy production at a cellular level.... Read More >>

  • Vitamin B1/ Thiamine

    Thiamine or vitamin B1 is a water-soluble vitamin that was first characterized in the 1920s. It was one of the first compounds to... Read More >>

  • Valproic acid level

    Valproic acid level/ Depakote/ Depakene valproic acid
    The Valproic acid test is ordered to measure and... Read More >>

  • Urine culture

    Urine culture is a test done to evaluate the presence of growth like bacteria or yeast infection, which is the main cause of... Read More >>

  • Urine calcium

    This test is done to measure the amount of calcium in urine. All cells need calcium to work .Calcium helps build strong bones and teeth. It is... Read More >>

  • Urinary N-methyl histamine (NMH)

    Urinary N-methyl histamine (NMH) test is done for screening and monitoring of mastocytosis and disorder of systemic mast-cells... Read More >>

  • Urinalysis

    Urinalysis is the examination of the urine for its physical, chemical and microscopic evaluation. A number of test are done to... Read More >>

  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)/ Thyrotropin

    Thyroid stimulating hormone is tested to measure the amount of TSH in blood. It is produced by the pituitary gland, where it is... Read More >>

  • Troponins

    Troponins are the protein molecules that are part of cardiac and skeletal muscle. Troponins are not present in smooth muscle... Read More >>

  • Triiodothyronine (T3)

    Triiodothyronine (T3) level test is conducted on individuals who are suspected to have hyperthyroidism or who have symptoms of... Read More >>

  • Transferrin saturations

    Transferrin saturation is a test used for screening iron content in the body. If transferrin saturation is less than 20%, it... Read More >>

  • Transferrin Receptor

    A blood protein known as Transferrin receptor may be found elevated in individuals with iron deficiency. This test is conducted... Read More >>

  • Total iron-binding capacity (TIBC)

    Total iron-binding capacity is the blood test to detect the quantity of iron in the blood i.e. how well transferring protein can... Read More >>

  • Thyroxine (T4)

    T4 (Thyroxine) is a hormone which is produced by the thyroid gland. It is produced by thyroid gland as a prohormone that is... Read More >>

  • Thyroid-Binding Globulin

    Thyroid-Binding Globulin (TBG)/ serum thyroxine binding globulin
    Thyroid-Binding Globulin (TBG) is a blood test used to... Read More >>

  • Thyroglobulin

    Thyroglobulin test is primarily used as a tumor marker to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment for differentiated thyroid... Read More >>

  • Schirmer’s Test

    Schirmer’s test determines whether the eye produces enough tears to keep eyes moist. Test is done when person complaints of... Read More >>

  • Parathyroid Hormone Related Peptide

    PTH-related peptide is produced by some cancers, including those of lungs, breast, head, neck, bladder and ovaries as well as... Read More >>

  • Protein S

    Protein S is a substance that prevents blood clotting. Protein S is a vitamin K-dependent plasma glycoprotein. It is synthesized... Read More >>

  • Protein C

    Protein C is a plasma anticoagulant factor required for maintenance of homeostatic balance. Protein C is synthesized in the liver... Read More >>

  • Prolactin (PRL)

    Prolactin is a hormone released by the pituitary gland. The prolactin test measures the amount of prolactin in the... Read More >>

  • Progesterone

    In women:
    A progesterone test measures the amount of the hormone level in the blood. The progesterone is a... Read More >>

  • Procainamide level

    Procainamide hydrochloride is a class 1a anti arrhythmic that is used to treat a wide variety of ventricular and atrial... Read More >>

  • Porphobilinogen

    Porphobilinogen (PBG) is one of the several types of porphyrin found in your body. Normally our body breaks down porphyrin into... Read More >>

  • Platelet Aggregation

    Platelet aggregation studies test the clumping response of platelets on various platelet activators(e.g., ADP, collagen,... Read More >>

  • Phosphorus

    It plays an important role in how the body uses carbohydrates and fats. It is also needed for the body to make protein for the growth,... Read More >>

  • Phenytoin level

    It is an epileptic drug with several pharmacologic actions including ion conductance, Na –K ATPase activity, synaptic transmission and... Read More >>

  • Phenobarbital level

    Phenobarbital is a barbiturate that reduces excitatory synaptic responses by acting on GABA receptors. It is most commonly used... Read More >>

  • Pericardial Fluid Analysis

    Pericardial fluid is an ultra filtrate of plasma that lies within the pericardial sac acting as a lubricant between the visceral... Read More >>

  • Parathyroid hormone

    Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is produced by the 4 parathyroid glands which are situated behind the thyroid gland in the anterior... Read More >>

  • Osmotic Fragility of Erythrocytes test

    Osmotic fragility test (OFT) is used to measure erythrocytes resistant to hemolysis while being exposed to varying degree of... Read More >>

  • N-Terminal Telopeptide

    In bone physiology, the N-Terminal Telopeptide is a biomarker used to measure the rate of bone turnover.NTX can be measured in urine or... Read More >>

  • Neisseria Gonorrhoea Culture

    Gonorrhoea is a common N gonorrhea infection that is transmitted by sexual contact and primarily affects the mucous membranes of urethra and... Read More >>

  • Methylmalonic acid

    Methylmalonic acid (MMA) levels are used to evaluate for vitamin B-12 deficiency.

    Reference Range of Methylmalonic... Read More >>

  • Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)

    Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) is the average amount of space occupied by each red blood cell.

    Reference Range of... Read More >>

  • MCH and MCHC

    Mean corpuscular Hemoglobin and Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)
    Mean corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) is the average mass of... Read More >>

  • Lyme disease

    Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by at least 3 species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.It is the most tick borne disease... Read More >>

  • Liver Biopsy/ Percutaneous Biopsy

    A liver biopsy is a procedure to remove a small piece of the liver for examination under microscope for signs of damage or... Read More >>

  • Lipoprotein A

    A blood test for specific type lipoprotein A [Lp (a)] is conducted to rule out risk of heart disease. Lipoproteins are molecules made up of... Read More >>

  • Lidocaine level

    Lidocaine is an amide type local anesthesia. It is as available as crystalline power solution in alcohol and normal saline. It... Read More >>

  • Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

    Luteinizing hormone is a hormone produced by gonadotroph cells in the anterior pituitary gland. In females, an acute rise of LH... Read More >>

  • Joint-Fluid crystal/ Synovial Fluid Analysis

    Joint fluid analysis is a group of tests that examine synovial i.e. joint fluid. Gout and pseudo gout are the two most common... Read More >>

  • Iron (Fe)

    Serum Iron test is done to check amount of iron in the blood and to see how well iron is metabolized in the body. Iron is the... Read More >>

  • Insulin

    An insulin test is a blood test that measures the amount of insulin, a hormone that helps in regulation of blood glucose. It is... Read More >>

  • Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin Hormone (hCG)

    Human chorionic gonadotrophic hormone (hCG) is a hormone produced by the syncytiotrophoblast, a component of the fertilized egg,... Read More >>

  • High Sensitivity C – Reactive Protein

    CRP is an acute–phase reactant synthesized by the liver in response to cytokines released by damaged tissue. CRP is commonly... Read More >>

  • Hepatitis C Virus

    Hepatitis C Testing
    Hepatitis C is an infectious disease affecting primarily the liver, caused by the... Read More >>

  • Hepatitis B Test

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a DNA virus having lipoprotein-coated surface, which is called the surface antigen. This antigen is... Read More >>

  • Hemoglobin Electrophoresis

    Hemoglobin electrophoresis is a used as a screening test to evaluate and identify variant and abnormal hemoglobin. It measures... Read More >>

  • Hemoglobin concentration (Hb)

    Hemoglobin concentration test is done to measure the presence of hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin is a protein which is... Read More >>

  • Hemoglobin A1c Testing

    Hemoglobin A1c is a specific fraction of hemoglobin A found in healthy individuals as well as individuals with diabetes mellitus.... Read More >>

  • Helicobacter Pylori Antigen Test

    H pylori antigen is a protein constituent of the H pylori bacterium, which is shed in the human stool.
    This bacterium route... Read More >>

  • Glucagon

    A glucagon test measures the amount of a hormone called glucagon in your blood. Glucagon is produced by cells in the pancreas. It... Read More >>

  • Genital human papilloma virus

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a non enveloped double-stranded DNA virus and a member of the Papovaviridae family. HPV has a... Read More >>

  • Gastrin

    Gastrin is the major hormone that controls the release of acid in the stomach. When there is food in the stomach, gastrin is... Read More >>

  • Gamma-Glutamyltransferase

    Gamma-Glutamyltransferase (GGT) is an enzyme that is found in cell membrane of much tissue majorly in liver, kidney and pancreas.... Read More >>

  • Fungal Culture

    Fungal culture are used to evaluate for suspected fungal disease. Fungi can be pathogens, colonizers, or contaminants.... Read More >>

  • Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)

    FSH stands for follicle-stimulating hormone. This hormone is released by the anterior pituitary gland. In women, FSH stimulates... Read More >>

  • Folate (Folic Acid)

    Folate level which is also known as folic acid and vitamin B9 is primarily used in the diagnosis of megaloblastic... Read More >>

  • Flecainide

    Flecainide is used mainly for treatment and prevention of ventricular arrhythmia, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia,... Read More >>

  • Fibrinogen

    Fibrinogen/ Serum Fibrinogen/Plasma Fibrinogen/ Factor I/ Hypofibrinogenemia Test
    Fibrinogen is a soluble protein in the... Read More >>

  • Fibrin and Fibrinogen-Degradation Products

    Fibrinogen degradation product (FDP) is the substance left behind when clots dissolve in the blood. FDP test is usually done to... Read More >>

  • Factor –Inhibitor Assay

    Factor-inhibitor Assay is done after an adequate infusion of VII, VIII, IX, XI and V and bleeding continues. Although nearly all... Read More >>

  • Factor XIII Screen

    Factor XIII, an enzyme that cross-links fibrin, belongs to the blood coagulation system. Screening for factor XIII is also known... Read More >>

  • Factor XII, Hageman factor

    Factor XII is also known as Hageman factor. It is indicated when factor XII deficiency is suspected. This test should be done if... Read More >>

  • Factor XI

    Factor XI, Plasma thromboplastin antecedent assay/ Clotting factor XI
    Factor XI measures the amount of factor XI (plasma... Read More >>

  • Factor X

    Factor X is synthesized in the liver and vitamin K is required for its production.

    Reference range of Factor... Read More >>

  • Factor VIII

    Factor VIII, Anti hemophilic Factor/ Plasma Factor VIII antigen
    This test is used to find the cause of too much bleeding... Read More >>

  • Factor VII

    Factor VII circulates as a single-chain zymogen of molecular weight of about 50,000 daltons. It has the shortest half-life of the... Read More >>

  • Factor V

    Factor V, Para hemophilia / Owren’s disease
    Factor V is a large glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 330,000... Read More >>

  • Factor IX

    Factor IX, Plasma thromboplastin component (PTC)/ Christmas factor assay
    Factor IX is a blood test that measures the... Read More >>

  • Factor II, Prothrombin

    Prothrombin is the precursor of thrombin in the coagulation pathway. It is synthesized in the liver, as other vitamin K-... Read More >>

  • Estradiol (E2)

    An estradiol test is done to measure the amount of estradiol in the blood. It is the most important form of estrogen found in the body which is... Read More >>

  • Eosinophils

    Eosinophils are white blood cells that play a role in fighting parasite, viral and bacterial infections. They also play role in... Read More >>

  • DEXA SCAN/ Bone Density Test

    DEXA scan stand for Dual Energy X-ray Absortiomentry. It is the most widely used method to measure bone mineral density (BDM test) test for... Read More >>

  • Dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S)

    DHEA-S is a C-19 steroid hormone and one of 3 androgens secreted by adrenal gland. In the adrenal gland and liver the DHEA is... Read More >>

  • Dexamethasone CRH test

    Dexamethasone/Corticotrophin Releasing Hormone
    Corticotrophin releasing Hormone is a 41 amino acid... Read More >>

  • Bone Marrow Aspiration

    Bone marrow aspiration /sterna tap Iliac/ crest tap
    Bone marrow is the soft tissue inside bone that helps to form blood... Read More >>

  • Blood Uric Acid Test

    The blood uric acid test measures the amount of uric acid in blood.
    Uric acid is produced by the breakdown of purines,... Read More >>

  • Barium Swallow

    A barium swallow is a radiographic (X-ray) examination of the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract especially the pharynx, the... Read More >>

  • Von Willebrand Factor (Ristocetin cofactor)

    Von Willebrand factor (vWF) is a multimeric adhesive glycoprotein. It is an important for haemostatic interactions between... Read More >>

  • Urinary Free Cortisol

    Urinary free cortisol is used in diagnosis of hypercortisolism caused by Cushing Syndrome.
    Reference range of... Read More >>

  • Stool ova and Parasite Test

    Stool ova and parasites exam is a laboratory test to determine if a stool sample contains parasites or eggs (ova) that are... Read More >>

  • Sputum Culture

    Sputum culture is a test to detect and identify the bacteria or fungi that infect the lungs or breathing passage. Expectorated... Read More >>

  • Somatostanin

    Somatostanin is also known as Growth hormone-inhibiting hormone (GHIH) .It is a peptide hormone that controls the endocrine... Read More >>

  • Serum Tryptase

    Tryptase are proteases located in mast cell granules and in small quantities in basophils. The determination of tryptase value in... Read More >>

  • Serum Protein Electrophoresis

    Serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP) is a method of separating proteins based on their net charge, size, and shape. The two major... Read More >>

  • Serum Osteocalcin

    Osteocalcin is a noncollagenous, 49 amino acid glutamate-rich polypeptide bone matrix protein with a molecular weight of about... Read More >>

  • Serum Calcium

    All cells need calcium in order to work. Calcium helps to build strong bones and teeth. It is important for heart functions, and helps in muscle... Read More >>

  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

    Reverse transcription is the synthesis of complementary DNA sequence from an RNA template using reverse transcriptase which is an... Read More >>

  • Reticulocyte count and Reticulocyte Hemoglobin content

    The absolute reticulocyte count is the number of reticulocytes in a volume of blood which is a marker of RBC production. Reticulocytes are... Read More >>

  • Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW)

    Red cell distribution width is a parameter that measures variation in red blood cell size or red blood cell volume.

    Reference Range... Read More >>

  • PTT-Lupus

    Partial Thromboplastin Time-Lupus Anticoagulant Screen
    Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) is a blood... Read More >>

  • Potassium

    Potassium is a very significant body mineral, important to both cellular and electrical function. It is one of the main blood... Read More >>

  • Microalbumin

    Microalbumin is used to detect damage to kidneys in people with diabetes /high blood pressure.
    Microalbumin test checks the... Read More >>

  • Ketones

    Ketones (also called ketone bodies) are the substances produced by the body as it breaks down fats for energy and this process is called... Read More >>

  • Direct Antiglobulin Test

    The DAT detects the presence of antibodies or complement on the surface of red cells. When IgG coats red blood cells showing agglutination... Read More >>

  • Dexamethasone Suppression Test

    Dexamethasone is in class of steroids that prevents the release of substances in the body causing inflammation.
    Dexamethasone is helpful in... Read More >>

  • Serum Creatinine

    Creatinine is important in assessing renal function because it has several interesting properties. In blood, it is a marker of glomerular... Read More >>

  • Creatine phosphokinase (CPK)

    Creatine phosphokinase is an enzyme which is found mainly in the heart, brain, and skeletal muscle.

    Reference... Read More >>

  • BRAF Gene Mutation Tests

    Interpretation of BRAF Gene Mutation Tests:

    Braf and melanoma
    Approximately 40-60% of cutaneous... Read More >>

  • Partial thromboplastin time, Activated

    PTT and aPTT are used to test for the same function however in aPTT an activator is added to speed up the clotting time and results in a narrow... Read More >>

  • Cryoproteins (cryoglobulin)

    Description of cryoglobulins
    Cryoglobulins are single or mixed immunoglobulins that undergo reversible precipitation at low... Read More >>

  • Chlamydia trachomatis culture

    Description of Chlamydia trachomatis culture
    Chlamydia trachomatis is a small gram-negative, obligate intracellular... Read More >>

  • C-Terminal telopeptide

    Description of C-terminal telopeptide
    The C-terminal telopeptide is a serum biomarker used to measure the rate of bone... Read More >>

  • Brain-Type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP)

    Description of brain-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)
    Brain-Type Natriuretic Peptide also known as basic natriuretic peptide... Read More >>

  • Beta hydroxybutyrate

    Description of beta hydroxybutyrate test
    β-hydroxybutyrate is one of the ketone bodies.
    Ketone bodies can provide as... Read More >>

  • Antithyroglobulin antibody

    Description of Antithyroglobulin antibody
    Antithyroglobulin antibody is a test to measure antibodies to a protein called... Read More >>

  • Anti-streptolysin O Titer

    Description of anti-streptolysin O Titer test
    Anti-streptolysin O is the antibody made against streptolysin O, an... Read More >>

  • Anti –RA33 Antibody

    Description of anti-RA33 antibody test
    Anti-RA33 antibodies are typically associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The... Read More >>

  • Antiphospholipid antibodies

    Description of antiphospholipid antibodies
    Antiphospholipid (APL) antibodies are group of antibodies directed against... Read More >>

  • Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Autoantibody, Cytoplasmic (c-ANCA)

    Description Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Autoantibody, Cytoplasmic (c-ANCA)
    Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) are... Read More >>

  • Antimitochondrial antibody

    Description of antimitichondrial antibody test
    Anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMA) are auto antibodies, consisting of... Read More >>

  • Antimicrobial susceptibility

    Description of antimicrobial susceptibility test
    Antimicrobial susceptibility tests are used to determine which specific... Read More >>

  • Anti-Xa assay (heparin assay)

    Description of anti-Xa assay test
    The anti- factor Xa assay is helpful in measuring plasma heparin levels and to monitor... Read More >>

  • Anti -Smooth-Muscle Antibody

    Description of anti smooth muscle antibody
    Anti-smooth muscle antibodies are antibodies formed against smooth muscle. These... Read More >>

  • Anti-RNP antibody

    Description of anti-RNP antibody test
    Anti-RNP antibodies are the antibodies directed against the U1 particle of an... Read More >>

  • Alanine aminotransferase

    Description of alanine aminotransferase test
    An alanine aminotransferase (ALT) test measures the amount of this enzyme in... Read More >>

  • Activated protein C resistance (Factor V leiden)

    Description of activated protein C resistance test
    Activated protein C is the enzymatically active form of protein C after... Read More >>

  • Activated clotting time

    Description of activated clotting time
    Activated clotting time (ACT), also known as activated coagulation time is a test of... Read More >>

  • Acid base interpretation

    Description for acid base interpretation test
    Maintenance of the acid-balance is a co ordinate effort by the kidneys and... Read More >>

  • Acetylcholine receptor antibody

    Description of acetylcholine receptor antibody
    Acetylcholine receptor antibody is a protein found in the blood of most of... Read More >>

  • 21-Hydroxylase Antibodies

    Description of 21-hydroxylase antibodies
    21-hydrosylase antibodies are markers of autoimmune Addison disease, which may... Read More >>

  • Calcium, Ionized

    Description
    Calcium is the fifth most abundant element and is the most prominent cation in the body of human beings. It is... Read More >>

  • Epinephrine

    Description
    Epinephrine is important CNS neurotransmitters and has vital roles in the autonomic regulation of many... Read More >>

  • C-Peptide

    Description

    C-peptide is a protein made of 31 amino acids that helps in connecting two parts of insulin. It is released... Read More >>

  • Blood culture

    Description
    Blood cultures are helpful to identify microorganisms in the blood and to assist in guiding antimicrobial... Read More >>

  • Antiadrenal antibody

    In the autoimmune diseases of adrenal gland, serum antibodies against several of steroidogenic enzymes such as P450scc, P450c17 and P450c21 are... Read More >>

  • Anion Gap

    Description
    The anion gap is the difference between primary measured cations (sodium Na+ and potassium K+) and the primary... Read More >>

  • Ammonia

    Description of ammonia
    Ammonia is a compound produced by intestinal bacteria and cells during the digestion of protein.... Read More >>

  • Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)

    Description of adrenocorticotropic hormone
    Adrenocorticotroic hormone (ACTH) is a polypeptide tropic hormone composed of 39... Read More >>

  • Acid Phosphatase

    Acid phosphatases are enzymes that are capable of hydrolyzing phosphate esters in an acidic environment.
    Acid phosphatese is also produced... Read More >>

  • Acetaminophen level

    Description of acetaminophen
    Acetaminophen is medicine commonly used as an antipyretic and analgesic. In cases of liver... Read More >>

  • Urinary 17-Hydroxyprogesterone

    Description of 17-hydroxyprogesterone
    17 hydroxy progesterone is a steroid which is derived or formed by the metabolic... Read More >>

  • 17-Hydroxyprogesterone, Serum

    Description
    Hydroxyprogesterone (17-OH progesterone) is a C 21 steroid hormone during the synthesis of glucocorticoids and... Read More >>

  • 5’-Nucleotidase

    Description of 5’-nucleotidase
    5’nucleotidase (5NT) is an intrinsic glycoprotein of membranes of cells that is present... Read More >>

  • 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid (5-HIAA)

    Description of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid
    5-HIAA is a form of metabolite of serotonin, serotonin which is a chemical... Read More >>

  • Ethanol

    Ethanol level can be measured by blood, urine, saliva, or breath tests. Toxic concentration is dependent on individual tolerance... Read More >>

  • Transferrin saturation

    Transferrin saturation is a test used for screening iron content in the body. If transferrin saturation is less than 20%, it... Read More >>

  • High/Low Prolactin Levels

    Prolactin is also produced in uterus, breast, brain and adipose tissue.

    Prolactin inhibit two hormones necessary for ovulation: follicle... Read More >>

  • Urine Test

    A urinalysis is an analysis of the urine. Usually only small amounts (30-60 ml’s) may be required for urinalysis testing. It is best to... Read More >>

  • Creatine Kinase (CPK)

    Creatine phosphokinase is an enzyme which is found mainly in the heart, brain, and skeletal muscle.

    Reference range –
    10... Read More >>

  • Antithrombin / Functional Antithrombin III / AT III

    Antithrombin III is a blood test which measures the amount of antithrombin III .

    Anti-thrombin (AT III) is a protein which controls blood... Read More >>

  • CA 19-9/Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9; Cancer Antigen-GI

    CA 19-9 is a tumor marker .CA 19-9 is helpful in differentiating between cancer of pancreas and other conditions

    Reference range... Read More >>

  • CA 27-29

    CA 27-29 is a tumor marker mainly used to check breast cancer.

    CA 27-29 is found in the blood of patient suffering from breast... Read More >>

  • Magnesium

    Magnesium is a mineral.
    Magnesium is essential mineral in all enzyme processes .Magnesium stabilizes the structure of DNA and RNA and is... Read More >>

  • Reptilase Time

    Reptilase time is an blood test which is used for detecting deficiency in fibrinogen
    Reptilase time is a coagulation test to assess fibrin... Read More >>

  • Antithyroid Antibody

    Reference Range
    • Thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb): Less than 35 IU/mL
    ... Read More >>

  • Apolipoprotein A-I (Apo-A1)

    Apolipoprotein A-I is a structural and functional protein constituting approximately 70% of the protein in HDL.
    Apolipoprotein-A1 is... Read More >>

  • Apolipoprotein B

    Apolipoprotein B levels evaluate the risk for cardiovascular disease

    Reference range
    The reference range of... Read More >>

  • C – Peptide

    C-peptide is released from the pancreatic beta-cells during cleavage of insulin from proinsulin. C-peptide is mainly excreted by the... Read More >>

  • Imipramine Level

    Imipramine is an antidepressant used for treating depression, panic attacks, enuresis. Imipramine is an anticholinergic .

    Reference... Read More >>

  • Serum Cortisol

    Serum cortisol is the main adrenal glucocorticoid and plays a great role in glucose metabolism .
    Adrenal cortisol production is regulated... Read More >>

  • Serum Osmolality

    Serum osmolality measures the amount of chemicals dissolved in the liquid (serum) of the blood .Serum osmolality test is done by a blood... Read More >>

  • Procalcitonin

    Procalcitonin ( PCT ) is the peptide precursor of calcitonin , a hormone synthesized by the parafollicular C cells of the thyroid and is involved... Read More >>

  • Diuretic screening

    Diuretics are used in treatment of liver cirrhosis, hypertension, certain kidney disease, heart failure. Diuretics also have antihypertensive... Read More >>

  • Hydroxyproline

    Hydroxyproline is a non-essential amino acid which I required for collagen production .Hydoxyproline is derived from proline and is used in... Read More >>

  • ANA ( Antinuclear antibodies test )

    Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) test identifies the antibodies present in serum. Most of these antibodies are IgM , IgG , IgA . An ANA test detects... Read More >>

  • Haptoglobin (HPT; Hemoglobin-binding Protein; Hp)

    Haptoglobin testing is used for detecting and evaluating hemolytic anemia and distinguishing it from anemia due to other... Read More >>

  • Acetoacetate

    Aceoacetate is one of ketones created by fat metabolism.

    Reference Range
    The reference range for acetoacetate is... Read More >>

  • Aldolase

    Aldolase is an enzyme which is responsible for breaking glucose products into energy.
    Aldolase is a cytoplasmic enzyme which is... Read More >>

  • Thrombin time

    Thrombin time is a screening coagulation test designed to assess fibrin formation from fibrinogen in plasma.

    Reference Range

    Reference... Read More >>

  • Syphilis Detection test

    Syphilis test detects the antibodies to the bacterium causing Syphilis ( Treponema Pallidum) in blood  and body fluid .

    Tests used... Read More >>

  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis /Spinal Fluid Analysis

    pH – 7.28-7.32
    Total protein – 15-60 mg/dL

    Interpretation
    Following conditions are... Read More >>

  • Erythropoietin test /Serum erythropoietin /EPO

    Erythropoietin test (EPO ) is a glycoprotein hormone which controls erythroiesis , or red blood cell production .

    Erythropoietin test... Read More >>

  • Carbamazepine

    Carbamazepine is an anti-convulsant and mood stabilizing drug which is primarily used in treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and trigeminal... Read More >>

  • Fructosamines

    Fructosamines are compounds formed by a nonenzymatic reaction between glucose and an amino group on a protein.

    Fructosamine measurement... Read More >>

  • Gentamicin

    Gentamicin is a water-soluble antibiotic which is purified from fungus –Micromonospora purpurea .

    Gentamicin eliminates the... Read More >>

  • Herpes Simplex Viral Culture (HSV )

    Herpes simplex virus (HSV) causes vesicular rashes of the oropharyngeal area or external genitalia.

    HSV sometimes can cause disseminated... Read More >>

  • Homocysteine

    Homocysteine is a sulphur containing amino acid and plays an important role in metabolic pathways usually in methionine and folate cycle .

    ... Read More >>

  • Pertussis Test

    Pertussis is a respiratory tract infection which is caused by the gram-negative coccobacillus Bordetella pertussis.

    Pertussis also known... Read More >>

  • D-Dimer

    D-Dimer is a degradation product of cross linked (by factor XIII) fibrin which reflects the activation of hemostatic system.

    D-Dimer is... Read More >>

  • Carboxyhemoglobin

    Carboxyhemoglobin (COHb)
    Carboxyhemoglobin is a complex of carbon monoxide that forms in red blood cells when carbon monoxide is inhaled.... Read More >>

  • Bacterial Wound Culture

    Bacterial wound cultures are used to determine the presence of infection in wounds and identify the bacteria causing the infection.

    ... Read More >>

  • Desipramine

    Desipramine is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) and is used primarily in depression that is resistant to more commonly used antidepressants such... Read More >>

  • ACTH Stimulation test

    ACTH is a hormone produced in the anterior pituitary gland which stimulates the adrenal glands to release cortisol ,DHEAS( dehydroepiandrosterone... Read More >>

  • Serum Sodium Test

    Reference Range

    Sodium accounts for approximately 95% of the osmotically active substances in the extracellular... Read More >>

  • CA 15-3

    CA 15-3 test is widely used as serum marker in breast Cancer Antigen 15-3 is a blood test .It is useful in monitoring advanced breast cancer. CA... Read More >>

  • Diagnostic Influenza Test

    Influenza A /Influenza B antibody tests
    Influenza antibody test are blood test performed to detect the body’s immune response to an... Read More >>

  • CA 125 Tumor marker

    HomeopathyRead More >>

  • Calcitonin

    Calcitonin is a hormone produced in humans by parafollicular cells of the thyroid which participates in calcium and phosphorus metabolism.... Read More >>

  • Copper – 24hour Urine Copper

    Copper testing is mainly done for diagnosing Wilson disease .A total blood copper test is done along with ceruloplasmin level .If any of these... Read More >>

  • Albumin

    Albumin is a blood plasma protein which is synthesized in liver .Albumin constitutes about two-third of total protein content.

    Albumin is... Read More >>

  • Serum Ferritin Level

    Ferritin blood test checks the amount of ferritin in the blood .Ferritin is a protein in the body which binds to iron.
    Ferritin is found... Read More >>

  • Blood sugar / Fasting blood sugar

    Glucose is the primary energy source for body’s cells and the only energy source for brain and nervous system.
    Blood glucose test... Read More >>

  • Gram Stain

    Gram stain is one of common stain used in microbiology for identifying bacteria.
    Gram staining is a method of differentiating between... Read More >>

  • 11 Deoxycortisol / Cortodoxone

    Cortodoxone is a steroid that can be oxygenated to cortisol ( hydrocortisone )

    Reference range –
    People... Read More >>

  • Amylase

    Amylase blood test is used to diagnose acute and chronic pancreatitis. Amylase test are also used to monitor treatment of cancers involving... Read More >>

  • Chloride

    Chloride is an anion which maintains the normal acid- base balance. It mainly exists as sodium chloride or hydrochloric acid. 

    ... Read More >>

  • Hematocrit

    Hematocrit blood test determines the red blood cells proportion in blood. The hematocrit records as the percentage of red blood cells volume in... Read More >>

  • Growth Hormone (GH )

    Growth hormone in adults is needed to maintain the proper amounts of body fat, muscle and bones. In children GH is needed for normal growth.... Read More >>

  • Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1(PAI-1)

    Plasminogen activator inhibitor -1 (PAI -1) is a glycoprotein which is synthesized in endothelial cells, hepatocytes and adipocytes .

    PAI... Read More >>

  • Plasminogen

    Plasminogen is a glycoprotein which is synthesized in the liver , circulating in the blood .Plasminogen is the precursor of plasma .

    ... Read More >>

  • Vitamin E

    Vitamin E is for treating and preventing diseases of heart and blood vessels –hardening of arteries, heart attack, chest pain and high blood... Read More >>

  • Vitamin K / Phylloquinone

    Children
    • 1 – 3 years: 30 mcg/day
    • 4 – 8 years: 55 mcg/day
    • 9 – 13... Read More >>

  • Vitamin C / Ascorbic acid

    Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) is water –soluble vitamin.

    Vitamin C is required for collagen synthesis and protein... Read More >>

  • Urine Sodium

    Sodium is a mineral and electrolyte .Sodium keeps the water and electrolyte balance of the body.
    Sodium is found in blood and lymph... Read More >>

  • Vitamin B1/Thiamine

    Vitamin B1( Thiamine )is a water –soluble vitamin and is important in breakdown of carbohydrates from foods into products needed by body... Read More >>

  • Lipase

    Lipase is produced by liver, intestine, stomach, tongue and many others.
    Lipase test measures the amount of lipase enzyme in blood sample... Read More >>

  • Prothrombin Time PT

    Prothrombin time is a blood test which measures how much time blood takes to clot

    Prothrombin time is used to check the bleeding... Read More >>

  • Urine Specific Gravity

    Urine specific gravity is the measure of concentration of solutes in the urine .Urine specific gravity measurement is a part of routine... Read More >>

  • Skin allergy test /Patch test

    Skin allergy test are used to find out substance which can causes allergy in person.
    Allergy testing involves a – skin / blood test... Read More >>

  • Blood glucose test

    For most cells of the body and brain, the source of energy is glucose. Insulin and glucagons hormones made in the body helps in controlling blood... Read More >>

  • Blood Uric acid

    The blood uric acid test measures the amount of uric acid in blood.

    Uric acid is the breakdown product  of purines, which is commonly... Read More >>

  • Pulmonary function test

    Pulmonary function tests are defined as collection of no. of tests which help us to analyze the working capacity of lungs. In these test there is... Read More >>

  • Pap Smear test

    A pap smear is a screening test for cervical cancer. It‘s a microscopic examination of cells scraped from the opening of the cervix. The... Read More >>

  • Testosterone

    Testosterone is a sex hormone present in testis in males and ovaries in females ,which plays a key role in development of male reproductive tissue... Read More >>

  • Bone Marrow Density Test

    Bone marrow density is a diagnostic tool which helps to measure the strength of bones by measuring the amount of mineral matter (especially... Read More >>

  • Lipid Profile

    Lipid profile is done for testing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

    How the test is done ?
    The Lab technician... Read More >>

  • Progesterone -Hormone

    In women:
    A progesterone test measures the amount of the hormone level in the blood. The progesterone is a female... Read More >>

  • Androgen -Hormone

    Androgens also known as androgenic hormone or testoid are group of chemicals released by gonads (testes, ovaries) and adrenal glands which control... Read More >>

  • Barium Swallow

    What is it?
    A barium swallow is a radiographic (X-ray) examination of the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract especially... Read More >>

  • Stool Guaiac Test

    Guaiac smear test, fecal occult blood test-guaiac smear, stool occult blood test-guaiac smear.

    What is it?
    A... Read More >>

  • Kidney Function Test

    Kidneys are two-bean-shaped organs located in the middle of your back, just below your ribcage. Urine flows to your bladder through tubes called... Read More >>

  • Liver Function Test

    How the test is done: A fasting blood test is done. Avoid taking food and some medications prior to blood test.

    A small... Read More >>

  • ESR ( erythrocyte sedimentation rate)

    ESR  is a measure of the settling of red blood cells in a tube of blood during an hour and this rate is an indication of inflammation.

    ESR... Read More >>

  • Rheumatoid Factor

    The rheumatoid factor (RF) test is primarily used to help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis or Sjogren syndrome .

    In general value of... Read More >>

  • Blood Urea Nitrogen

    A blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test measures the amount of nitrogen in your blood that comes from the waste product urea. Urea is made in liver and... Read More >>

  • RBC test

    The normal ranges for RBC count are:
    The number, shape, size and appearance of the RBCs and the amount of hemoglobin they contain in them... Read More >>

  • WBC test

    The normal range of White Blood Corpuscles is:
    4500-10,000 WBC/microliter.

    The white blood cell count helps in:
    ... Read More >>

  • Thyroid Function Test

    The main hormones produced by the thyroid are thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), collectively called the thyroid hormones.  These... Read More >>

  • CRP ( C- reactive protein )

    A C-reactive protein (CRP) test is a blood test.
    CRP measures the amount of a protein called C-reactive protein in blood.
    ... Read More >>

  • Throat Culture

    -Sore throats are caused by viral infections.
    -Most sore throats do not respond to antibiotics.
    -Many people have a mild sore... Read More >>

  • Serum Cortisol

    Serum cortisol is the main adrenal glucocorticoid and plays a great role in glucose metabolism .
    Adrenal cortisol production is regulated by... Read More >>

  • Imipramine Level

    Imipramine is an anti-depressant used for treating depression, panic attacks, enuresis. Imipramine is an anti-cholinergic... Read More >>

  • Dopamine

    Dopamine is a neurotransmitter which helps in the transmission of signals in the brain and other vital organs.

    Dopamine is found in humans,... Read More >>

  • DEXA Scan /Bone Density Test

    What is it?
    DEXA scan stand for Dual Energy X-ray Absortiomentry. It is the most widely used method to measure bone... Read More >>

  • Hysteroscopy

    Hysteroscopy is a diagnostic procedure used to inspect the uterine cavity by endoscopy with access through the cervix. It helps in diagnosis of... Read More >>

  • Coronary Angiography / Angiography-Heart /Angiogram-Coronary

    Coronary angiography is a diagnostic test and procedure in which a special X-ray of arteries (the coronary arteries) supplying blood to heart is... Read More >>

  • Endoscopy

    What is it?
    An endoscopy is the examination of the inners side of the body using an endoscope. An endoscope is a medical... Read More >>

  • Renal Biopsy

    Renal biopsy or kidney biopsy is an investigating medical procedure in which small tissue piece of kidney is taken usually through needle or... Read More >>

  • Bone Marrow Aspiration

    Alternative names:
    Iliac crest tap; sterna tap

    What is it?
    Bone marrow is the soft... Read More >>

  • Audiometry

    An audiometry is a test which helps to test your ability to hear sounds. Sounds vary on the basis of their loudness (intensity) and the speed of... Read More >>

  • Liver Biopsy / Percutaneous Biopsy

    What is it?
    A liver biopsy is a procedure to remove a small piece of the liver for examination under microscope for signs... Read More >>

  • Computed tomography (CT) scan/CAT scan/Computed axial tomography scan

    What is it?
    The computed tomography (CT) scan is a non-invasive, painless medical imaging procedure that uses x-ray and... Read More >>

  • Sigmoidoscopy /Proctoscopy/ Proctosigmoidoscopy/ Rigid sigmoidoscopy

    What is a sigmoidoscopy ?
    Sigmoidoscopy is used to investigate inside the sigmoid colon and rectum.
    Sigmoidoscopy... Read More >>

  • Laparoscopy

    Laparoscopy surgery also referred to as Minimally invasive surgery(MIS) or keyhole surgery. It allows a surgeon to access the inside of the... Read More >>

  • EEG (Electroencephalogram) /Brain wave test

    EEG records the brain activity and is of approx 30-45minutes painless procedure.

    Procedure -
    During EEG, the... Read More >>

  • Mammography

    The radiation level is very low. During pregnancy if an abnormality is needed to be checked then the belly area is covered by a lead apron. During... Read More >>

  • Electrocardiogram / ECG / EKG

    Electrocardiogram helps in measuring:
    • Regularity and rate of heartbeats.
    • Size and position of... Read More >>