Menier’s Disease

Definition
Meniere’s disease is an inner ear disorder that affects balance and hearing resulting in frequent episodes of vertigo along with fluctuating hearing loss.
There may also be ringing or raring in the ear. It can affect single ear or both ears.
Causes of Menier's Disease

• Head injury
• Middle or inner ear infection
• Allergies
• Alcohol use
• Smoking
• Respiratory infection
• Past illness of ear problem
• History of inner ear problems in the family
• Migraine
• Stress
• Family history
• Fatigue
• Viral illness
• Motion sickness

Menier's Disease Signs and Symptoms

• Partial or complete hearing loss
• Pressure in the ear
• Ringing or raring in the affected ear
• Headache
• Vertigo with dizziness
• Nausea, vomiting and sweating episodes
• Difficult sudden movement
• Diarrhea with pain and discomfort in the abdomen
• Uncontrollable eye movements.

Investigations of Menier's Disease

• Complete case history
• Neurological examination
• Caloric stimulation (test is done to check eye reflexes by warming and cooling inner ear with water).
• CT & MRI scan
• Audiometry
• Electrocochleography(ECOG)
• Electronystagmography(ENG) or videonystagmography(VNG)
• Vestibular evoke myogenic potentials test (VEMP)
• Posturography (test of balance system)

Treatment of Menier's Disease

• Prophylactic treatment
• Diuretics may help relieve fluid pressure in the inner ear.
• Surgery
• Hearing aid

Prognosis of Menier's Disease

The outcome varies for acute to chronic disease, but can often be controlled with treatment.

Complications of Menier's Disease

• Inability to walk or perform activities due to uncontrollable vertigo
• Hearing loss on the affected side.
• Dizziness
• Buzzing/roaring in the ear
• Falls
• Accidents while driving
• Depression or anxiety while dealing with disease.

Homeopathic treatment for Menier's Disease

Carboneum sulphuratum:
• Hearing impaired.
• Buzzing and singing noise like an Aeolian harp (wind harp).
• Tinnitus aurium, Meniere’s disease.

Chenopodium anthelminticum:
• Aural vertigo( Meniere’s disease)
• Buzzing in the ear.
• Enlarged tonsils
• Hearing better from high pitched sounds.
• Comparative or progressive deafness to human voice.
• Great sensitiveness to the sound, as of passing vehicles, and shrinks from lower tones.

Pilocarpinum muriaticum:
• Meniere’s disease
• Rapidly progressing phthisis, with hemorrhage.
• Profuse swelling

Salicylicum acidum:
• Roaring and ringing in the ear
• Deafness with vertigo.

Silicea terra:
• Raring in the ear.
• Sensitive to noise.
• Caries of mastoid bone
• Fetid discharge from the ear.

Diet / management of Menier's Disease

• Balance and healthy diet
• Get proper treatment for inner ear infections is there is any.
• Proper treatment of allergies and long standing diseases like respiratory diseases, virus illness, migraine etc.
• Exercise regularly, practice yoga and mediations.
• Sleep sufficient
• Avoid alcohol and smoking
• Limit caffeine in take
• Keep still and rest when you have symptoms.
• Low sodium diet
• Avoid sudden movements
• Avoid bright light
• Avoid driving a car or operating heavy machinery