Hemangioma

Hemangioma is a birthmark that appear as a bright red patch to nodule of extra blood vessels in the skin or internal organs. It mainly grows during the first year of life and starts receding over the time. This condition is usually a benign condition and is associate with any other medical conditions. There is no treatment required to treat this condition. As the child grows it starts fading and there may only presence of little visible trace of the growth.

Age/sex prevalence of Hemangioma

Hemangioma can be diagnosed by early childhood. Females are more likely to develop as compared to men.

Race of Hemangioma

Girls develop hemangioma more often than boys and it also appear in twins. Babies with light skin and premature babies with a low birth weight. 10% of babies have family members with vascular birthmarks. It affects the people of all races especially females, premature babies and infants.

Causes of Hemangioma

About 1 in 3 hemangiomas are present at birth. The rest appear in the first several months of life. The hemangioma may be – in the top skin layers (capillary hemangioma) ,deeper in the skin (cavernous hemangioma) and a mixture of both.

Blood vessels in the skin, intestine, spinal cord, brain or inside other organs may sometime dilate and overdevelop to form a small red bump. It consists of an abnormally dense group of extra blood vessels.

Classification of Hemangioma

•It may affect top layer of skin (Capillary hemangioma)

•Deeper in the skin (Cavernous hemangioma)

•Mixed type of both (compound hemangioma)

•Appears during pregnancy (Pyogenic granuloma/Lobular capillary hemangioma)

Signs and Symptoms of Hemangioma

•Painless

•Red to blue colored lesions

•Lesions on skin, lips or inside the mouth

•Lesions soft to touch

•Flushed with skin or slightly elevated

•Superficial lesions may bleed or turn into sores

•Hemangioma in muscular involvement may be painful and swollen

•Hemangioma in bone may cause pain and enlargement of bone

Investigations for Hemangioma

•Complete case history

•Physical examination

•Clinical examination

•Blood test

•X-ray

•CT or MRI scanning

•Angiogram

•Biopsy

Differential diagnosis of Hemangioma

•Vascular malformations

•Soft tissue tumors

•Cancerous vascular tumors

•Angiosarcoma

Treatment for Hemangioma

•Anti-inflammatory drugs

•Laser treatment

•In some cases steroid injections are given

•Beta-blocker medicines are also given

Prognosis of Hemangioma

Prognosis is good as small superficial hemangiomas disappear on their own. Some cases recover by 5 years of age, and by 9 year almost disappear completely.

Complications of Hemangioma

•Bleeding

•Problems with breathing and eating

•Psychological problems

•Secondary infection

•Visible changes in the skin

•Vision problem

Management of Hemangioma

•Avoid scratching

•Avoid external trauma or injury

Homeopathic treatment for Hemangioma

Acetic acidum:

•Skin pale, waxy, oedematous

•Naevi

•Burning, dry, hot skin

Carcinosinum:

•Dark, brownish complexion

•Café-au-lait spots

•Moles, pigmented naevi

Fluroicum acidum:

•Naevi

•Ulcer; red edges and vesicles

•Itching especially in the orifices and in spots, worse warmth

Thuja occidentalis:

•Polypi, tubercles, warts, epithelioma, naeva, carbuncles

•Freckles and blotches

•Perspiration sweetish and strong

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