Barrett syndrome is an disorder in which the lining of the esophagus( esophagus is an tube carrying food and saliva from mouth to stomach ) is replaced by tissue which is similar to the lining of the intestine. About 10% to 15% of people with chronic GERD develop Barrett esophagus .
Barrett esophagus is one of complication of chronic GERD. Esophagus cells changes can lead to cancer of esophagus ( Adenocarcinoma )
The changes in the cells of the esophagus can lead to cancer of the esophagus (adenocarcinoma)
Causes of Barrett Syndrome
The exact cause is unknown
The stomach produces acid for food digestion but is also protected from it , in case of GERD the contents of stomach flow backwards into the esophagus known as reflux. Majority of people with acid reflux donot develop Barrett’s esophagus but may develop in case of frequent acid reflux .
GERD ( gastroesophageal reflux disease ) in GERD the lining of the esophagus becomes damaged due to stomach acid refluxing back into the esophagus .
• Heartburn (burning sensation )
• Burning sensation in back of throat
• Chronic cough , sore throat, hoarsness
• Difficulty in swallowing
• Upper Endoscopy
• H2 blockers for reducing the amount of stomach acid
• Proton pump inhibitors –reducing stomach acid production
• Lifestyle changes –avoiding spicy food , chocolate , fatty foods
• Avoid caffeine , alcohol and tobacco
• Loosing weight
• Avoid immediately lying after food
• Drinking plenty of fluids
• Sleeping with head of bed elevated
• Consuming lot of green vegetables and fruits
• Stomach pains of all types, including burning, bloating, flatulence, constipation.
• Nausea and belching from overeating or eating hot and spicy foods.
• Bodyaches and feelings of weakness.
• The person is workaholic or one who indulges his or her appetite for excesses in all things.
• Acid reflux pains feel like digestive acid is burning a hole in the lining of the stomach.
• The person feels over-stuffed after eating and wants to loosen the belt for relief after a meal.
• The patient is weepy and desires company.
• The person is not thirsty, often feels warm and prefers open, cool air or going outside.
• Pains are better after drinking hot drinks like tea or applying warm applications to the painful abdomen.
• Thirst for continual sips of cool water.
• Restless, anxious and fearful.
• Problem arises due to ingesting spoiled food resulting in food poisoning.