Hemangioma is a birthmark that appear as a bright red patch to nodule of extra blood vessels in the skin or internal organs. It mainly grows during the first year of life and starts receding over the time. This condition is usually a benign condition and is associate with any other medical conditions. There is no treatment required to treat this condition. As the child grows it starts fading and there may only presence of little visible trace of the growth.Age/sex prevalence of Hemangioma
Hemangioma can be diagnosed by early childhood. Females are more likely to develop as compared to men.
Girls develop hemangioma more often than boys and it also appear in twins. Babies with light skin and premature babies with a low birth weight. 10% of babies have family members with vascular birthmarks. It affects the people of all races especially females, premature babies and infants.
About 1 in 3 hemangiomas are present at birth. The rest appear in the first several months of life. The hemangioma may be – in the top skin layers (capillary hemangioma) ,deeper in the skin (cavernous hemangioma) and a mixture of both.
Blood vessels in the skin, intestine, spinal cord, brain or inside other organs may sometime dilate and overdevelop to form a small red bump. It consists of an abnormally dense group of extra blood vessels.
•It may affect top layer of skin (Capillary hemangioma)
•Deeper in the skin (Cavernous hemangioma)
•Mixed type of both (compound hemangioma)
•Appears during pregnancy (Pyogenic granuloma/Lobular capillary hemangioma)
•Red to blue colored lesions
•Lesions on skin, lips or inside the mouth
•Lesions soft to touch
•Flushed with skin or slightly elevated
•Superficial lesions may bleed or turn into sores
•Hemangioma in muscular involvement may be painful and swollen
•Hemangioma in bone may cause pain and enlargement of bone
•Complete case history
•CT or MRI scanning
•Soft tissue tumors
•Cancerous vascular tumors
•In some cases steroid injections are given
•Beta-blocker medicines are also given
Prognosis is good as small superficial hemangiomas disappear on their own. Some cases recover by 5 years of age, and by 9 year almost disappear completely.
•Problems with breathing and eating
•Visible changes in the skin
•Avoid external trauma or injury
•Skin pale, waxy, oedematous
•Burning, dry, hot skin
•Dark, brownish complexion
•Moles, pigmented naevi
•Ulcer; red edges and vesicles
•Itching especially in the orifices and in spots, worse warmth
•Polypi, tubercles, warts, epithelioma, naeva, carbuncles
•Freckles and blotches
•Perspiration sweetish and strong