Deep Vein Thrombosis/ Venous Thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis is formation of blood clot in one or more of the deep veins in body. It mainly affects the large veins in the lower leg and thigh but can also occur elsewhere in the body including the arms. It can become a life threatening situation when clots get broken and start travelling towards heart, lungs or brain this is usually prevented by giving anticoagulant treatment or surgery in very
severe cases.

deep vein thrombosis

 

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Causes of deep vein thrombosis

• Being over age above 60years.
• Prolong Bed rest/long hospital stay/paralysis.
• Cigarette smoking.
• Family history of blood clots.
• A pacemaker or thin, flexible tube (catheter) in a vein.
• Fracture of pelvis or legs.
• Recent surgery/ injury to veins.
• Giving birth within the last 6 months
• Bone marrow makes too much blood cells (polycythemia vera) causing blood thicker than normal.
• Complication of an invasive procedure of the vein
• Inheriting a blood clotting disorder.
• Heart failure
• Cancer
• Inflammatory bowel disease.
• Obesity
• Birth control pills.
• Long period travelling like overseas flights, driving etc.

Signs and Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis/ Venous Thrombosis

• Swelling and tenderness.
• Excessive pain due to clot formation.
• Blue colored bulge on affected site
• Changes in skin color in either leg.
• Veins firm with thickened cord.
• Palpitation is also felt.
• Warmth feeling on affected site.

Investigations of Deep Vein Thrombosis/ Venous Thrombosis

• Complete case history
• Physical examination
• Venography
• CT or MRI scans
• D-dimer blood test
• Doppler ultrasound exams of legs.
• Anti thrombin III level
• Lupus anticoagulants
• Protein C and S levels
• Plethysmography (measurement of blood flow)of legs
• Genetic test to look for mutations (such as pro thrombin G20210A mutation) which can lead to blood clotting.

Prognosis of Deep Vein Thrombosis/ Venous Thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis if treated early prognosis is very good and in long standing then surgery can relieve symptoms and one lead a better life.

Treatment of Deep Vein Thrombosis/ Venous Thrombosis

• Heparin drug through a vein (IV).
• Anti coagulants (Blood thinners)
• Analgesics
• Anti-inflammatory
• Diuretics
• Compression stockings
• Thrombolytic therapy
• Surgery: like balloon angioplasty, catheter directed thrombolysis, stent insertion, thrombectomy, vena cava interruption.

Complications of Deep Vein Thrombosis/ Venous Thrombosis

• Pulmonary embolism
• Postphlebitic syndrome

Differential diagnosis of Deep Vein Thrombosis/ Venous Thrombosis

• Cellulitis
• Heart failure congestive
• Septic thrombophlebitis
• Superficial thrombophlebitis
• Budd-Chairi syndrome
• Baker cyst
• Pulmonary embolis

Diet / management of Deep Vein Thrombosis/ Venous Thrombosis

• Elevate legs up to 6 inches while sleeping.
• Exercise lower calf muscles after doctor’s recommendation.
• Keep body hydrated with lots of water.
• Add lemon and ginger to diet to improve blood circulation.
• Broccoli is also considered to be the one of the best food rich in fiber and good for cardiovascular system.
• Use mustard oil, canola oil instead of high fat cooking oil.
• Don’t sit idle for long time, move legs on frequent intervals.
• Avoid food rich in vitamin K.
• Avoid drinking too much coffee or tea.
• Quit smoking.
• Weight management if overweight.
• Keep close check on blood pressure.
• Wear compression stockings if advised by doctor.
• Regular walking for minimum 20-30 minutes.
• Avoid consuming processed food and junk food.
• Avoid long duration flights.
• Don’t sit with an obstruction to the thigh muscles.
• Avoid doing risky things /sports which can cause bleeding.

Homeopathic treatment for Deep Vein Thrombosis/ Venous Thrombosis

Arnica Montana:
• For any physical shock or trauma, accidents, injuries for bruises/bumps.
• Rapid healing of the damaged tissues, controls bleeding and reduces pain.
• Varicose veins feel and looks as if bruised there is pooling of blood under skin.
• Antithrombotic properties can help preventing deep vein thrombosis.

Bothrops lanciolatus (lachesis lanciolatus):
• Best suited for thrombosis.
• Muscular tissue filled with black blood, numbness, swollen veins, and gangrene.
• Swelling and heaviness dissolves blood clots.
• Broken down, hemorrhagic constitutions; septic state.
• Great lassitude and sluggishness; hemorrhages from every orifice of the body.
• Skin swollen, livid, cold with hemorrhagic infiltration.
• Gangrene of affected part.
• Lymphatic’s swollen.
• Worse right side.

Hamamelis virginiana:
• Painful thrombosis, worse by movement.
• Varicose veins and dark blue coloring.
• Recurring inflammation, vein fragility body feels as if beaten up.
• Weak veins, passive hemorrhage bleeding hemorrhoids, enlarged capillaries.
• Marked congestion or soreness and bruising with varicose veins.

Lachesis mutus:
• Acute thrombosis with inflammation and pain sensitivity to touch
• Strong inflammation with Intolerance to warmth.
• Dissolves blood clots especially god for left sided problems.

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